AimThe aim of this project is to enhance community safety by encouraging installation of sprinklers in homes of those that are more at risk from fire. ObjectivesThis project applies to all Fire and Rescue Service who needs to enhance existing fire safety initiatives. Considering that a good project should be Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Timed, the following are the objectives of this project: To develop ways of encouraging people to install fire sprinklers in their homes particularly those that are more at risk such as the elderly, disabled, and others. To develop a new prevention and risk-based fire safety strategy in line with Fire and Rescue Service duty to promote fire safety under the Fire and Rescue Service Act 2004.To increase the number of homes with fire sprinklers by mid April 2011.BenefitsReduction in the probability of fire, reduction of property damage by fire, and improved life safety are the main benefits of installing fire sprinklers in homes.
Moreover, installation of fire sprinklers is more beneficial to those that are more at risk such as old people living alone and those with disability. People living in homes or units with sprinklers are safer as the probability of death or injury from fire is less.
For instance, the 10 minutes of fire suppression sprinklers provide can protect and the lives of those that are escaping. Fire sprinklers restrict fire spread by suppressing the fire in its early stage (Department for Communities and Local Government 2006. p. 57) thus more effective in reducing injuries and deaths. Considering the advantage of sprinklers over other fire safety means, the project intends to intensify the use of sprinklers particularly in homes occupied by people with physical or other disabilities that will likely prevent them from escaping the fire.
Benefits of fire sprinkler can be achieved in two ways. One is the reality that suppressing fire after ignition is much better than waiting for the fire and rescue to suppress the source of the fire because damage to property is more likely minimal. Second is the fact that if the fire is effectively suppressed and did not spread, those that are more at risk no longer have to panic, escape, and being rescued.
Clearly, fire sprinkler not only can reduce the damage cause by fire but eliminate unnecessary trauma or suffering by the elderly and disabled members of the community. Since the fire would not spread, the work and expenditure of the fire and rescue service is less. Moreover, because there is more free time for the fire and rescue service to promote fire safety prevention programmes, the community will be safer. CostThe cost of delivering the sprinkler promotion project is shown in the table below: (See tasks, staffing and precedence chart for details)Cost of the ProjectProject StaffPersonnel RequiredRate per day (£)Week 1Week 2Week 3Week 4Week 5TotalProject Manager3001500Project Coordinator2501250Fire Sprinkler Campaign Managers2001000Sprinkler Campaign Officers150750Fire Sprinkler Technical Consultant4501800Sub Total6250Project Materials and EquipmentMaterials/EquipmentRate (£)12345ICT4002000Stationary100500Printing200800Office2001000Sub Total4300Grand Total10550Business CaseFire damage can range from total destruction of the property, loss of lives and injury to others (Crosbie & Winter 2002, p. 148).
In the United Kingdom, the 2008 National Fire Statistics suggest that the majority of fire-related death in 2008 occurred in dwelling fires and most of the fatalities are people with age 80 or over.
Thirty eight percent of these dwellings have no fire alarms or automatic sprinklers. Twenty-four percent of alarms failed to operate and 49% of fire alarms did not activate because the fire products did not reach them. Moreover, in 3,700 fires, 58% of the alarm was not raised by the smoke detectors but by people who sensed the fire (Communities and Local Government 2008, p. 41). The purpose of the alarm is generally to warn people of fire so they can call the Fire and Rescue to suppress the fire. Therefore, the interval between ignition, discovery of the fire, and the arrival of the Fire and Rescue Service determine the rate of death or injury from fire (Communities and Local Government 2008, p. 42).