The paper "The Impact of Organisational Structure on Project Effectiveness" is an outstanding example of management coursework. An effective organisational structure is able to help the project management team to perform well in project execution (Kerzner, 2003). Every project has some objectives and goals that need to be achieved at the end. These objectives vary depending on the nature of the project. The major objectives are with regard to time, cost and quality. These elements determine the success of a project. Project management is influenced by a number of things.
One of the main influences of project effectiveness is the organisational structure (Blismas et al. , 2004). An organisation with strong leadership committed employers and shared goals can still fail due to poor organisational structure. An organisational structure often determines the level of project management, leadership in the project work, communication of project goals and project decisions among others. The organisational structure acts as a means to get employees to work towards achieving common objectives and goals. Good organisational structure often offers the right blend of control and employee independence in order to enhance the pursuit of companies’ goals and mission (Chan and Tan, 2000).
Effective structure promoted integration and coordination and strengthen the relationship between employees and tasks. This is able to promote project management work. This essay seeks to explain the effects of organisational structure on project effectiveness. Relationship between Project Management and Organisational Structure Projects are seen as an efficient way of introducing innovation. Project management provides companies with the chance to decentralize its activities into projects which minimizes the size of the operations which are run into smaller entities for easy monitoring and control (Dooley, Lupton and O’ Sullivan, 2005).
Unfortunately, many projects fail to deliver the expected results. A huge number of them exceed the costs and time allocated which reduces their success. Research has suggested many reasons for project failure including inadequate project schedule, lack of adequate resources, poor management and poor definition of objectives among others. All these problems can be minimized with the implementation of effective organisational structure (Dooley, Lupton and O’ Sullivan, 2005). Changes in the structure of an organisation can enable a company to drive successful projects. The organisational structure can be termed as the organisation of individuals and groups in a company and the division and coordination of their tasks.
Project management is not an easy task due to its complexities (Chan and Chan, 2004). The effective organisational structure is able to yield high project performance. Effectiveness of a project is characterised by the success in meeting predetermined goals and objectives. The establishment of an effective organisational structure for project management is one of the significant processes for achieving goals (Dooley, Lupton and O’ Sullivan, 2005).
Therefore, project success is determined by the ability of managers to develop effective strategies in an organisation. Weaknesses in organisational structure result in poor project management irrespective of organisational enablers like strong leadership capacity and employee commitment. According to Hatch and Cunliff (2006), project organisational structures impact project effectiveness from commencement to completion. Characteristics of Effective Organisational Structure According to Brown (2008), for an organisational structure to be effective, it needs to have some characteristics. One important element of an effective organisational structure is flexible. An organisational structure that supports project management is often amenable to change with situations and circumstances.
It often gives allowance and room for individual creativity. In addition, the simplicity of the organisational structure can lead to project management success (Paul, 2009). A structure that is simple enough to allow employees to know what is expected of them is a huge enabler of project management effectiveness. Another characteristic of an effective organisational structure is human-oriented. An effective structure should enhance humanism, job fulfilment as well as enhancement. It should be responsive to employees’ needs and expectations. Also, the structure should indicate it is a result and accountability oriented.
This will increase the chances of project success (Phua and Rowlinson, 2004).
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