The paper "Project Management and Leadership" is an outstanding example of a management research paper. Project management is a complete discipline that is adopted by organizations to manage a wide variety of projects. Project management encompasses a wide variety of activities that need to be executed in an appropriate way in order to achieve the usefulness of this discipline. However, one most important aspect of project management is the resource management where a project manager has to deal with a wide variety of resources especially the project team. In this scenario, it is essential for a project manager that they possess leadership qualities in order to properly lead the project.
These leadership qualities play a significant role all the way through the project life cycle. These leadership qualities do not only help project managers to manage human resources but also how to deal with other humans that are part of the project activities. The basic objective of this report is to discuss different aspects of project management and how leadership can play a role in the process of project management. This report is based on reviewing the literature from different sources. Part 1: Summaries of Articles Gillard, S., 2009.
Soft Skills and Technical Expertise of Effective Project Managers. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 6(1), pp. 723-729. The purpose of the research is to discuss the importance of project managers’ leadership skills for project’ s success. The research question is that either the project manager’ s technical skills are sufficient or soft skills are also essential. The research has relied on previous empirical studies and practical experiences, thus using the qualitative research methodology.
A great pool of literature has discussed the issue of technical and soft skills. A project manager is having a double leadership role due to the emergence of matrix organizational structure, where they are managing both a permanent project team and a task-based group combined for the time being. Some argue that there is more importance of technical skills as a project manager has to perform a project within time and cost limits, which can be achieved by systematic approaches. But on the other hand, soft skills, such as interpersonal, supportive, collaborative, and effective communication skills are the essential skills for project management in today’ s environment.
Such skills are found to be present in strong leadership, where it is argued that without strong leadership skills, a project cannot be a successful one. The research has also highlighted the balance between soft and technical skills. The key findings of the research is that leadership skills are crucial for the team and the leadership style affects the project result. Murugesan, R., 2012. Attributes of leadership for success in project management. International Journal of Engineering and Management Sciences, 3(3), pp.
326-335. The study aimed at finding out the best attributes of the leadership which can lead to success in such a highly competitive and ever-changing environment. With the emergence of new technologies and mounting competition, there is a need to have a different leadership approach that can help any organization to survive in such a situation. The research question is that what leadership attributes of a project manager can gear the organizations towards success. The research has reviewed the management theories from the classical theories to contemporary theories, and project management aspects to find a fitting set of leadership attributes, thus using a qualitative methodology.
Gillard, S., 2009. Soft Skills and Technical Expertise of Effective Project Managers. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 6(2009), pp. 723-729.
Lang, R. D., 2008. Project Leadership: Key Elements and Critical Success Factors for IT Project Managers. Journal of Healthcare Information Management, 21(1), pp. 1-4.
Muller, R., Geraldi, J. G. & Turner, J. R., 2007. Linking Complexity and Leadership Competences of Project Managers. Brighton, UK, IRNOP VIII Conference (International Research Network for Organizing by Projects.
Murugesan, R., 2012. Attributes of Leadership for Success in Project Management. International Journal of Engineering and Management Sciences, 3(3), pp. 326-335.
Turner, J. R. & Muller, R., 2005. The Project Manager's Leadership Style as a Success Factor on Projects: A Literature Review. Project Management Journal, 36(1), pp. 49-61.