The paper "Vitol-RSPN Promotion of Community Environment and Household Hygiene" is a perfect example of a management case study. According to Pakistan’ s Rural Support Programs Network (RSPN), deforestation has become one of the major environmental problems in Pakistan. Serious environmental degradation is exerting great pressure on human health through exposure to land and water pollution. RSPN noted with great concern that a district by the name Swabi of KPK was suffering from various diseases as a result of environmental degradation and with the help of Vitol Charitable Foundation, therefore, initiated a project entitled Promotion of Community Environment and Household Hygiene through Local Support Organizations.
The overall strategy of this project was to reach out to the local communities in Swabi district through the use of Local Support Organizations Network (LSON) with the main objective of enhancing their capacity for sustained behavior change in order to improve and protect the environment and other issues related to hygiene. The other objectives of this project included: Educate the local communities on the consequences of environmental degradation on their health in order to promote environmentally friendly practices among them; promote the desired hygiene behaviors among the local communities in order to improve their health. An analysis of the stakeholders The table below contains a list of all the stakeholders involved in the project and their roles in the decision-making process. Name of the stakeholder Role in decision making Rural Support Programs Network (RSPN), A major decision-maker Vitol Charitable Foundation Played a significant role in all the decisions made Local Support Organizations Network (LSON) Assisted in making important decisions that affected the whole project The local community members Selected members were included in the decision-making process United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) Involved in making decisions over the allocation and utilization of the funds used to implement the projects United States Agency for International Development (USAID) A decision-maker in the utilization of all the resources throughout all the project phases Ministry of Food & Agriculture, Government of Pakistan Involved in making decisions pertaining, Pakistan’ s government support for the project Benazir Income Support Program, Government of Pakistan A decision-maker in the funding and financial support for the project Implementation and management of the project The project mainly utilized the local communities in all its implementation operations.
An Environmental management committee (EMC) composed of 30 members was formed in each village.
Two members from each committee were selected and trained in environmental-friendly practices. The two members were then required to conduct public campaigns in their respective villages to teach their society members and pass the knowledge and skills gained through the training. Each of the formed EMC was supposed to establish a solid collection point in two schools in each target village and motivate the students and teachers adopt environmental friendly activities by organizing a fun-environmental oriented event in the school.
Each EMC was also supposed to organize a clean village campaign in their respective village in order to teach the other village members on the consequences of environmental degradation on their health. It was also the responsibility of every EMC to oversee the plantation of 3500 forest plans in their respective villages to replace the deforested area and maintain adequate biodiversity and provide preserve soil from erosion and at the same time prevent water pollution. The implementation of the project ran as planned mainly due to clear objectives that were set from the starting of the project.
According to Bowen (2011.par1), clear objectives guide the management team and other team members to stick on the plan in order to reach the desired destination. It is clear that the project manager aimed at involving the local communities in almost all the phases of the project from planning, decision making, implementation and reviewing. When the local communities are actively involved in a project, they perceive the project as their own and hence put extra efforts in ensuring that the project becomes a success (Westerveld, 2003, p. 412).
It is also clear that RSPN had a budget that guided them on the sustainable use of the resources they had to successfully implement the project. A budget is important in the implementation of any project since it ensures that the project runs effectively on the available resources (Patanakul & Milosevic, 2009.p218).