Project Organization Project Organization There are five different types of project process groups but these groups are dependent on each other and have to operate a particular sequence. The first project process group is initiating and in this group the objectives of a project are aligned with the expectations of the stakeholders (Schwalbe, 2000). In this group a project manager is hired for the project a business case for the project is developed (Schwalbe, 2009). The second group is planning and in this group the development of the plan for managing the project is created and the plan contains documents of scheduling, costs work breakdown structure as well as plans regarding the scope of the project and management of human resources are even developed (Schwalbe, 2000).
The third group is executing group and in this group the project is deployed in accordance to the way it was planned. The fourth group is monitoring and controlling of the project and in this group the measuring of how well the project has been performing is conducted and if any necessary changes are required they are identified and corrected (Schwalbe, 2009).
The last group is closing in which the project is completed and handed over to customer (in case of product development project). The project may even be closed if it fails and in this stage the final report of the project is created as well as feedback from the customer is obtained. 2. Every project consists of nine knowledge areas and one of those is integration management and the purpose of this area is to assist the project manager in the integration as well as synchronization of all the knowledge areas (Frobes, 2000).
In other words other eight knowledge areas are joined together with the assistance of integration management. This assists a project manager is solving issues that take place in other knowledge areas. Integration management is that knowledge areas that comprise of activities from different project process groups. For example the the first group contain two activities of integration management including the first statement of scope as well as the charter of project. The second group which is the planning group contains the most important part of the project and that is the plan of the project.
3. In order to develop a good project charter a project charter should contain fourteen very significant elements including the separate name, a timeline consisting of when the project should start and end, clearly defined processes, the rationale for conducting the project as well as a clear definition of the opportunity due to which the project was initiated (Badiru, 2008). Further elements include the financial rewards that will be attained from the project, the final product that needs to be delivered the limitations or boundaries that the project needs to abide by, the different targets that need to be achieved and when these targets should be achieved.
It should even include the functions that need to be carried out by those working on the project, the human and machinery that will be required, the risks associated with the project and how the communication will take place between different stakeholders. References Badiru, A. (2008). Triple C Model of Project Management (1st ed. ). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Frobes, D., & Canepari, J.
(2000). Project management information systems (1st ed. ). Washington, D.C: National Academy Press. Schwalbe, K. (2000). Information technology project management (1st ed. ). Cambridge, Ma.: Course Technology. Schwalbe, K. (2009). Introduction to project management (1st ed. ). Boston, Mass. : Course Technology.