Essays on Importance of Managing People in Project Management Coursework

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The paper "Importance of Managing People in Project Management " is a great example of management coursework.   For the last two centuries, we have witnessed the human race using its incredible abilities to bring about innovations, adaptations, improvements as well as a revolution in the world we are living today. These changes are the ones we are now referring to as projects, which are described by restrains of time, cost, and resources and so on. As a result, these characteristics have an effect on the way we distinguish and describe the roles that people play, such as project managers, project team, sponsors and stakeholders in carrying out these changes.

It has also influenced the way we approach these changes through the process we now call project management. In the 20th century, the aspect of managing people in project management was relatively not a familiar thing. However, the recent advancement of communications and IT has also advanced the project management practice, which has turned our attention to how people perform in projects. This has also driven organizations to look for ways in which they can manage programs and projects so as to improve the performance of individuals and teams.

Thus, the study of the importance of managing people in project management has become an area of major interest and development for the profession, as it has been seen in areas like the publication of articles, training and professional journals. Projects are the means through which changes are effected in organizations. Projects bring about the necessary changes, both at the individual level and organizational level that result in value addition to the organization.

A project can only be said to have fully met its business objectives if the project deliverables and outputs are approved and utilized by stakeholders to create value. Project managers are very instrumental in facilitating the approval of project deliverables and outputs as well as preparing the organization for change. This is possible when the project managers are able to fully integrate and capitalize on the critical governance, human as well as organizational change management elements that are related to programs and projects. Phrases like, “ It is all about people” are more often used by organizations and project managers of recent since they have now accepted the fact that nothing happens on a project unless it is made to happen by individuals who are directly or indirectly involved in the project.

Thus, what people do in a project and how they do it has become the main concern of project managers and the organizations. A well-lead and energized team can bring about amazing changes in an organization. But if a team is not well organized and managed, all projects they conduct in an organization are destined to fail.

Hence the need for studying the importance of managing people in project management. Definitions Definition of project A project can be defined as a unique undertaking with the aim of achieving a distinct objective that comprises several activities and tasks which consume resources. It is unique because each project is characterized by constraints of time, resources, scope and budget. A project’ s objectives must be specific, identifiable and attainable. Projects start by assembling key personnel in order to attain unique business goals with identifiable customers in mind.

The project team is dissolved immediately after the goals of the project are accomplished. A project is dynamic since it is controlled by the specific needs of that business (Kerzner, 1989).

Bibliography

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Kerzner, H.1989. Project management. A systems approach to planning scheduling, and controlling. New York,Van Nostrand Reinhold.

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Thamhain, H. J.1999. “Effective Project Leadership in Complex Self-Directed Team Environments,” Proceedings of the 33rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, IEEE Computer Society (1999).

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Turner, R. J., and Müller, R. 2005 “The Project Manager’s Role as a Success Factor on projects: A Literature Review,” Project Management Journal, 36:2, pp. 49-61.

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