Essays on Project Planning, Management and Control Literature review

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The paper "Project Planning, Management, and Control" is a good example of a literature review on category. The Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK® 2004) defines the term project as follows: “ A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result” . (p. 1) The term project is associated with three distinguishing characteristics, (1) temporary, (2) unique product, services, or results, and (3) progressive elaboration. The first characteristic refers to the nature of the project which is temporary. Every project has a definite beginning and definite end (PMBOK® 2004). It has to go through the project life cycle phases, namely (1) initiating, (2) planning, (3) implementing, (4) monitoring, (5) evaluating, and (6) closing.

These are essential phases for the entire project life cycle. One phase of success is influenced by the success of the preceding phase. For example, the success of planning depends on the success of initiating. Similarly, the success of monitoring is dependent on the success of implementing it. Therefore, every project has its unique process from the initiating phase thorough its last phase of closing. In the last phase of the project, the objectives set at the beginning are known as the project has achieved or not achieved.

Then the project has to be closed, terminated, or extended. However, it must be noticed that the temporary nature does not mean that the time is short. In some cases, a project may last for several years too. The second characteristic of the project is a unique product, services, or results. A project can produce unique products, services, or results (PMBOK® 2004). A project is said to produce a deliverable output which is a quantifiable and measure product or is a service such as business production or distribution.

A project is also said to produce results such as documents for knowledge of the production of new cars. The third characteristic of the project is progressive elaboration (PMBOK® 2004). The project may have a wide and broad definition of project scope definition in the beginning. In the later stages, it will be progressively elaborated to define the scope of more details.



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