Essays on Contemporary Challenges in Public Management, Governance, and Leadership Literature review

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The paper "Contemporary Challenges in Public Management, Governance, and Leadership" is an outstanding example of a management literature review. The public sector faces the complex task of addressing complex issues of local communities in the contemporary public management environment that is rife with uncertainty and austerity. These are aggravated by the inherent challenges that affect governance and leadership (Ashworth et al T 2013). While the public authority seeks to ensure that the management of public resources is effective and responsive to the public interests, the use of these resources is established in consequence of the electoral programs and public surveys in the view of meeting strategic objectives that satisfy the immediate and the long-term needs of the community, or the government.

Critically, therefore, the pressures from the challenges affecting public administration have far-reaching impacts that need review (Aguilar & Zavala 2011). This essay examines the contemporary challenges in public management, governance, and leadership. To ensure this, it explores the new challenges to public administration in the age of austerity and uncertainty. It further examines citizen participation and governance, quality of governance and government performance, and collaborative government in a networked society.

Also discussed include the transparency, openness, and accountability in the public sector, applications of new technologies for emerging public administration problems, ethics in the public sector, and lastly, new institutional design for emerging policy challenges in the UAE and MENA region. Challenges in the age of austerity and uncertainty The age of austerity and uncertainty depict the periods of crisis or momentous policy change, which may trigger individuals into upsetting the balance. Additionally, they encourage the thought that political change is unparalleled, new policy-making situations are extraordinary or different from the past.

For instance, in the UK’ s current age of austerity, the conception of a Majoritarian political system had generated fast and sweeping policy changes that appear unshakable (Storre 2008). However, these reforms bring new challenges, such as instances where policymakers only get to pay attention to a few responsible issues. Additionally, the policymakers have limited cognitive ability to gather information. Rather, they rely on trial and error methods to develop policies.

References

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Ashworth, R., Ferlie, E, Hammerschmid, G, Moon, J & Reay, T 2013, "Theorizing Contemporary Public Management: International and Comparative Perspectives," British Journal of Management, Vol. 24, S1–S17

Commonwealth of Australia 2013, Connected citizens A regulatory strategy for the networked society and information economy, viewed 30 Oct 2014,

Curristine, T, Lonti, Z & Journard, I 2007, "Improving Public Sector Efficiency: Challenges and Opportunities," OECD Journal on Budgeting vol 7 no 1, pp.1-42

Denhardt, R 1999, "The Future of Public Administration," Public Administration & Management: An Interactive Journal vol 4 no 2, pp.279-292

Economic and Social Council 2010, Challenges to and opportunities for public administration in the context of the financial and economic crisis, viewed 30 Oct 2014,

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Mulgan, R 2012, Transparency and Public Sector Performance, viewed 30 Oct 2014,

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Ocampo, R 1999, "Models of Public Administration Reform: “New Public Management (NPM)”, Asian Review Of Public Administration vol 1 no 1, pp. 248-255

OECD 2013, Active with the Middle-East and North-Africa, viewed 30 Oct 2014,

Pfiffner, J 2004, Traditional Public Administration versus The New Public Management: Accountability versus Efficiency, in Institutionenbildung in Regierung und Verwaltung: Festschrift fur Klaus Konig,

A. Benz, H. Siedentopf, and K.P. Sommermann, eds. (Berlin,Germany: Duncker & Humbolt, 2004), pp. 443-454.

Ramafoko, H 2013, EFfectve oversight - The Key Towards Excellence in Public Administration," Official magazine of the Public Service Commission Feb/Mar 2013 Issue

Storre 2008, Public Administration in an Age of Austerity’: Positive Lessons From Policy Studies, viewed 30 Oct 2014,

Tesu, M 2012, “Public Administration’s Management: Challenges And Possible Solutions," Business Excellence and Management vol 2 no 1, pp.53-62

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