Essays on Has Public Accountability Seen Erosion under Current Mode of Governance and Market-Oriented Reforms Literature review

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The paper “ Has Public Accountability Seen Erosion under Current Mode of Governance and Market-Oriented Reforms? ” is a worthy variant of the literature review on management. The public sector is an important aspect of the growth and development of a nation as they are crucial in the delivery of social welfare services, administration, and creation of an enabling environment for the private sector to thrive. However, the public sector under the traditional Weberian concept of bureaucratic government as compared to the private sector has been marred by negative claims such as low productivity, less accountability, bureaucracy, and inadequate customer-centered focus (Siddique, 2006, p. 339; Kolthoff, Huberts & Van den Heuvel, 2006, p. 400; McInerney & Barrows, 2000, p. 1).

To overcome such challenges in the public sector, various governments embarked on a reform mission so as to embrace a new public management system (NPM) where efficiency is the order of the day (De Araú jo, 2001, p. 916-917). One such approach under the new public management governance is the market-oriented reforms (Soto & Loayza, 2004, p. 2). Various countries under differing terms have implemented market-oriented reforms in the public sector so as to align their operations with present global trends anchored on market forces.

For instance, we have a major option plan in Portugal, the next steps in the United Kingdom, renewal of public service in France, and the financial management improvement program in Australia among others. However, there is contention on whether a market-oriented system has led to an increase in the decline of public accountability (Haque, 2001, p. 65-66). As such, the aim of the paper is to assess whether or not the adoption of a market-oriented system in public management has lead to erosion in public accountability.

The paper adopts a one-sided argument by soliciting for supporting evidence that points towards the argument that public accountability has seen erosion under the current model of governance and market-oriented reforms. Key termsThe market-oriented system falls within the domain of new public management approaches that are aimed at enhancing public sector productivity and inculcate service-centric delivery that has been in the private sector through business like reforms (Soto & Loayza, 2004, p. 2).


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