The paper "Key Public Sector Challenges: Innovation in China’ s Public Sector for Good Governance " is a great example of a management case study. China has emerged as a strong economy in the past decades backed by its resilient and thriving economy. Having attained the second-largest economy edging out Japan in 2010 and is expected to emerge as the largest economy by 2020 (Chen and Goodman, 2012). China has stood out as an excellent example for analysis with respect to nations that have progressively transitioned to state functioning backed by good governance.
The sustained economic growth in China has not come by surprise, but rather is a culmination of increased innovation, excellent policy formulations and governance planning to improve economic growth, social and human development and reduce levels of poverty (Jing and Osborne 2017). The positioning of the nation globally has seen it strategically take charge of financing extensive development projects in the world, especially in Africa gaining the extensive capacity to impact on the global economy. However, the excellent growth in the nation has been achieved out of successive and strategic planning and implementation of measures for economic growth.
This essay critically looks into the Chinese innovative nature to improve the public sector and governance policy. The paper looks into the financial reforms that have taken place in China since the Deng Xiaoping. Based on the extensive nature of the topic of public sector management and implementation of growth, the essay will narrow down to innovation and how it has impacted on the overall Chinese public sector proliferation and growth. The analysis will also evaluate the challenges faced by the Chinese successive government to achieve the current success and what measures were put in place for effective implementation.
Finally, conclude with lessons that can be deduced from the case study by other states under the quest to transform their public sector through innovative and efficient management. China’ s Turnaround China’ s emergence as a dominant economy with successive improvement in access to quality basic public services and increased reduction in poverty levels pose a strategic question of the lessons to be deduced in the study o public management. Reforms are imminent in times of change and China took off in the late 1970s with a strategic aim to raise its economic growth (Naughton 2007).
Structures and strategies were put in place but the turnaround was experienced in 1992. Deng Xiaoping steered the reform process by proposing acceleration of economic growth which was later backed by the National Congress of the Communist Party of China (Chow 2004). This resulted in china being established as a socialist market economy with the aim of setting China on a path of becoming a transitioning market economy. The reforms put in place by China involved the four-character policy ‘ gaige kaifang’ which was a reform economic system and an opening policy of the Chinese nation to the outside world (Jing & Osborne 2017).
These measures were aimed at reforming the nation by addressing some of the mistakes made during the Mao era. China experienced thirty years of continuous, rapid economic growth which was unprecedented in global history. The reforms by China since 1978 has generally succeeded in reforming the systems of governance, market and dismantling the Soviet-style of central planning bringing up communism that has propelled the giant economy (Zhou 2008).
The reforms have resulted in rapid economic growth with statistics indicating an average of 9.7% economic growth between 1980 and 2009 (Zhao 2010). Nevertheless, a substantial population of the People’ s Republic of China remains desperately poor making it a state still under reform to improve the livelihood of every Chinese. In 2010, the GDP of China accounted for 9.3% of the overall global output to surpass that of Japan and become the second-largest economy in the world (Montalvo & Ravallion 2010).