Public Policy Formation and AnalysisIntroductionFormation and analysis of the public policies is mostly required during the combination of the approaches of both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The definition of a problem and various issues in the public is part of the formation and analysis of the public policy. The process depends on the styles of various participants in the definition of problems in the society based on the understanding and perception of various individuals in the society. By accumulation of information, a more troubling condition of the society comes into being and is documented.
Everyone is involved in the definition of the social problems including the media. The newspapers are filled with articles concerning the undesirable social conditions like violence, crime, drug abuse and traffic accidents which are causing most of the social issues (Shahalam et al. 67). Formulating and analyzing public policies becomes possible handle the social problems because their geographical setting is specified. Most of the public policies describe what should be done by the people in the societies and what should not be done thus minimizing the problems of the behavior of people.
The traffic accidents are causing most of the social problems in almost all geographical areas resulting to negative impacts in the public health as well as economic status of the environment due to loss of properties. The essay below considers the nature of the traffic safety problem in Oman and the impacts of the public policy analysis. Nature of the traffic safety problem in OmanAccording to Cobb and Elder, the policy problems are not automatically given neither are the matters of facts of situations but are dependent on interpretation and social definition.
Rochefort also discusses the nature of the problem of traffic safety in Oman and identifies severity, incidence, novelty, proximity and crisis as the elements of the nature of public problems (Rochefort & Cobb 67-8). Importance of the elementsThe severity element describes the seriousness of the problem and the consequences it is likely to have on the affected. This is directed to capture the attention of the public officials like the political leaders and media because it is an agenda requiring large audiences as it affects large population of people.
Based on the seriousness of the problem the public leaders are forced to set the public policies and use the media to communicate them to the targeted public. The Bush administration characterize it as not deserving corrective measures in the fear of the consequences it would have on the economy of the place in support of the process of policy analysis and implementation. The situation is at its worst condition thus a looming disaster to development of the place; this calls for the attention of the public officers to implement public policies. The element of incidence is essential in the dimension of the description representing the general scope of the individuals affected and the other groups at a risk.
This intermixes politics and the available information, this describes the occurrence or the frequency of the problem of traffic accidents; whether the problem is declining, stabilizing or growing and the rate of its growth thus the political leaders will be in a position to identify the possible action to take against them to minimize its effects. Various actions like gains in the taxation rates have been set to reduce the occurrence of the problems of trafficking because few automobiles are in operation (Rochefort & Cobb, 78).