The paper 'The Employment Relations Systems of Many Countries Are Converging as a Result of Globalization" is a good example of a business assignment. It is evident that the employment relations systems of many countries are converging as a result of globalization. According to Martin and Ross (2000, 120), globalization is a process of rapid cultural, institutional and economic integration among nations. The aforementioned unification is not only driven by trade liberation and capital flow but also technological advancements. The aspect of globalization has reduced barriers between nations resulting in new forms of work organizations and sharing of labor standards that are internationally accepted. Additionally, due to the fact that there is an increased level of unemployment in addition to weal labor movements, most nations have decided to converge their employment relation systems.
Increase in the contingent labor force has impacted on the current economic phenomenon on not only industrial relations but also on employers and employees an aspect that is attributed to globalization. Moreover, due to the fact that globalization has resulted in increased foreign direct investment and free trade, countries have seen the importance of converging employment relation systems. Consequently, globalization has impacted on working conditions, wages and employment resulting in the need for adapting similar or converging employment relation systems with an aim of addressing the problems.
As a result of immense competition from multinationals, nations have seen the need for adapting converging employment relation systems. The need for an employment relation system convergence by the nation is as a result of the existing global pressures that force nations to stay on the economic gap. In order for the nations to stay on a global economic map, the nations have ensured that they attract foreign investment and multi-national companies by adapting international employment relation systems. On the other hand, developing nations with an aim of attaining economic growth have adopted various legal changes, as well as employment practices which are converging with other of other nations and employment relations systems, are steered towards the same direction.
The adopted similarities range from collective bargaining structures, workers legal rights, lay off policies and safety legislation for the workers. Furthermore, at the workplace, the aforementioned convergence on the existing employment relations systems are taking two forms namely: functional flexibility and numerical flexibility.
The main aim of the functional flexibility convergence is to improve the worker's skills and make them be in a position to multitask in producing complex goods and services that meet the international standards. However, the numerical flexibility entails lack of unionization thus making countries to adopt convergent employment relation system with an aim of addressing the problem. Globalization has also made nations to institutionalized employment relation systems so as to make the element of convergence likely.
The need to develop a collective bargaining power among the foreign workers as a result of multi-national companies and direct foreign investments, nations have embraced converging employment relation systems. The need to protect the interests and rights of foreign workers has made countries to embrace similar employment relations. Finally, converging employment relations are aimed at reforming and maintaining global social stability.
ILO-International Labour Office (2004). The Global Seafearer. Living and working conditions in a globalized industry. Geneva, International Labour Office.
Martin, A. and G. Ross (2000). “European Integration and Europeanisation of Labour”, in: M. Gordon and L. Turner (Eds.), Transnational Cooperation among Labour Unions. Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 120-149.