The paper “ The Role That Governments Have Played in the Development of the Australian System” is a convincing example of the essay on human resources. Australia like many other countries of the world that had been colonized had its own fair share of challenges. This was mostly experienced when transitioning from colonialism to independence. This is because as an independent government, Australia was expected to take charge of its own internal matters by enacting laws that will apply in various sectors of the independent government (Bray, Waring & Cooper 2011). Australia is a well-grown economy with a relatively average population.
The country’ s population is well above 20 million with a GDP of over US$1 trillion. In many years, since the country got its independence from its colonial master Britain, the going has not been easy in terms of economic, social, and political environment looks relatively stable. The country for example had to manage its key sectors of the great world economic recession of the 1980s in order to recover from the economic downturn (Australian Labor Party 2007, pp. 23).
The key economic sectors that support the country’ s GDP growth include mining, agriculture, manufacturing, and construction. However, with continuous economic growth, the labor market has also continued to experience serious hurdles that have to be overcome in order to reduce the unemployment rate and create fair working terms and conditions for all employees from all sectors of the economy. The enactment of various laws by the government has been used as an initiative to build a stable labor market by looking into issues that have continued to generate industrial disputes between the workers and the employees.
The enactment of these laws had started taking form from the early 1980s (Stewart, 2011). It’ s in the 1908s when the country managed to replace many of the Acts involving employee relations that had been left by the colonial master. When the Labor government came into power in 1980, what it did first was to introduce the Industrial Relations Act of 1988. This is the Act that replaced the Conciliation and Arbitration Act of 1904.
Australian Labor Party 2007, Forward with Fairness Labor’s Plan for Fairer and More Productive Australian Workplaces, Sydney.
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Hancock, K 2011/2012, ‘IR and productivity uneasy bedfellows’, HR Monthly, December 2011/January 2012, p. 12, (JSTOR online) .
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Lansbury, RD & Wailes, N 2004, ‘Employment relations in Australia’, in GJ Bamber, RD Lansbury & N Wailes(eds),International and comparative employment relations: Globalisation and the developed market economies, 4th edn, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest.
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Robbins, B 1995, ‘A methodology for teaching comparative industrial relations’, in Current research in industrial relations: Proceedings of the 9th AIRAANZ conference: World Congress Centre: February 1995, ed. L Sonder, (pp. 387-395), Association of Industrial Relations Academics of Australia and New Zealand, CQUniversity Course Resources Online (HRMT19022).
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Sappey, R, Burgess, J, Lyons, M &Buultjens, J 2009, Industrial relations in Australia: Work and workplaces, 2ndedn, Pearson Education Australia, Frenchs Forest.
Stewart, A 2009, A Question of Balance: Labor’s New Vision for Workplace Regulation. Queensland.
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