The paper "Perception and Organization" is a perfect example of a management essay. Different individuals have different perceptions and attitudes towards their work. Such difference between individuals based on individual personality may work either favorably or negatively in the workplace. A competent manager is specialized in various personality analysis and developing each member potential in the long run. Maintaining the individual personality and balancing its dependence with group co-operation in organization life is one of the most important tasks of the manager. That's to say, 'recognizing and improving individual talent and potential is critical to ensure that many roles and functions of an organization are achieved effectively. '(Mullins, 1999, P. 337) It will definitely enhance organization creativity if properly apply it to group-work.
On the contrary, failing in analyzing the team member personality may cause personality clashes or become the origin of conflicts. Personality assessment is therefore very helpful for managers to understand and predict human behavior as well as guiding an individual's development and future planning. There are two kinds of perception exist as regards to organizational behavior; one is true perception while the other is a false perception.
The truth is that all of the activities individuals perform at work are directed toward motives. That motive is the reason for the activities. It is crucial for managers to understand and predict what stuff feel and how they think in order to motivate them properly by financial incentives, promotional opportunities or effective communication. Because only by an understanding of what motivates individuals could managers know which way to meet subordinates needs and lead them to work willingly and effectively. And even can influence subordinates behaviors in a desirable way.
'A successful manager understands the least principal theories of motivation and knows exactly how to encourage staff to direct their efforts towards the successful attainment of the goals and objectives of the organization. '(Mullins, 1992, P. 406) So motivation theories also contribute the individual a lot to be a qualified manager. False perception must be realized as a serious issue and strategy must be evolved to overcome it through media and other public relations development tools. 'In the workplace, people have attitudes towards the boss, the pay, colleagues, customers, and the physical environment. '(Arnold, 1995, P. 249) Such attitude reveals how satisfied they are with their job and how committed they are to their organizations (Muchinsky, 2000, P. 271).
Individual attitudes and beliefs towards work can dramatically and importantly affect their behaviors in the workplace. If the attitudes employees hold are positive and optimistic in their current job, they are more likely to work effectively and influence others with enthusiasm. In addition, 'Employee attitudes can be a formative factor in determining the culture of an organization. ' (Mullins, 1999, P. 326) As far as a manager is concerned, one of his main responsibilities is to avert false perception about organization through marketing and advertising tools.
All in all, wherever managers work, perception, personality, attitude, and motivation are four essential factors for business success. Managers have to not only realize the importance of various tools to diminish the negative impact of false perception, but also properly apply them to a particular work situation. These are potential qualities that every manager is expected to have.
Arnold, J, and Cooper, L.C and Robertson, I (1995) Work psychology: understanding human behavior in the workplace, 2nd Edition, London: Pitman
Mullins, L.J (1999) Management and Organizational Behavior, 5th Edition, London: Financial Times Management
Muchinsky, P.M (2000) Psychology applied to work: an introduction to industrial and organizational psychology, 6th Edition, London: Wadsworth