The paper "Recruitment and Selection in the Volunteer Sector" is a great example of a management literature review. Not for profit are commonly referred to as charities where the largest portion of the workforce are volunteers (Wyner & Starnes, 2001). Volunteers are said to be a critical human resource for many nonprofit organizations (Karl, et al. , 2008). While nonprofits have traditionally depended on volunteers in lieu of paid employees, public organizations are now also increasingly adding such workers to their ranks (Brudney, 1999). People usually show their direct support for a nonprofit’ s cause by giving their time and/or their money, in activities such as fundraising, administration, and supporting duties (Wyner & Starnes, 2001).
Official United Kingdom statistics published by the Cabinet Office show that the proportion of people volunteering at least once a year has now increased from 65% in 2010 to 2011 to 71% in 2012, with an even bigger increase in the proportion of people volunteering regularly (Gov. Uk, 2013). In the few countries where volunteer work has been empirically studied, the economic contributions to Gross Domestic Product by families that involved themselves in volunteering activities was $1339 (Wyner & Starnes, 2001, p.
62). Nonprofit organizations deal with two constituencies: the clients to whom they provide services, and those from whom they receive resources (donors and volunteers) (Woods, 2006, p. 13). One of the most distinctive features of the nonprofit sector is its voluntary nature (Rehnborg, et al. , 2009, p. 3). Therefore this has resulted in a vast sector of volunteerism. The term volunteerism is defined using classic volunteers “ whose motivations are three-fold: doing something worthwhile, personal satisfaction, and helping others to the act of taking up volunteer work in community service“ (Randle & Dolnicar, 2012, p.
4). It has necessitated a solid structure in which recruitment and selection of volunteers are undertaken in the ‘ not for profit’ organizations (Madsen, 1997). This literature review seeks to understand strategies being used to attract volunteers and new strategies that can be adopted to attract them in not for profit organizations. It will also give a deeper insight into the recruitment and selection process that includes; tools, selection methods, resourcing cycle of the selection process, statistics of variation in the recruitment process, and causes of variation in the selection methods.
In addition, a critical analysis of studies and theories relating to the theme of the study.
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