The paper 'Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations " is a perfect example of a management case study. In the health care industry, various issues may arise that may call for consultations from a legal body, a lawyer and a health ethicist. This body may consist of lawyers and risk managers. The significance of the two is for maintaining law and managing risks. The law defines the rules of conduct for which violation may result in crimes. Risk management involves setting up policies that guide in the reduction of risks of liability.
Medical ethics is a discipline that considers implications of technology in healthcare, the modes of treatments and how it is supposed to be. Law and ethics in healthcare address issues such as access to healthcare facilities, the concept of informed consent, confidentiality in patient matters, issues of abortion and doctor-assisted suicide (Fremgren, 2009). This essay looks at an example of an agency in the United States (JCAHO) that governs various legal issues in healthcare. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) Currently known as The Joint Commission (TJC), JCAHO is a private, nonprofit making organization in the United States that runs accreditation programs at a fee in its subscriber hospitals and other health care providers.
This commission was formed in 1951 when it was referred to as the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals. This commission grew from the efforts of Ernest Codman in promoting reform in the hospitals by focusing on the management of outcomes inpatient care. His efforts led to the formation of the Hospital Standardization Program by the American College of Surgeons, which later grew into a new entity, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals.
This was formed through a merger of the hospital Standardization Program and other health care organizations such as the American College of Physicians. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals was then rebranded in 2007 to The Joint Commission. The mission of the JCOHA is to collaborate with the stakeholders in improving health care services for the members of the public by evaluating the services offered by the healthcare facilities and encouraging them to stand out in providing healthcare services that are safe and effective, and of the highest value. JCAHO -source and scope of its authority The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals was granted power over the hospitals by "Under 42 U. S.C.
§ § 1395bb(a), (b), which states that a hospital that qualifies for joint hospital accreditation I supposed to meet the Medicare Conditions of Participation, a requirement for healthcare. The commission was also granted deeming authority by the Centres for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) after it announced its continued approval of the body as an accreditation agency. The commission has the right to ban a certain practice even if the practice is allowed in the standards given by other professional organizations.
Since many hospital issues are not constitutional, some situations may arise that are not under the federal laws, JCAHO, therefore, requires that every hospital have policies for addressing such issues. However, JCAHO is not a regulatory agency that is owned by the government, it therefore does not have authority to impose fines on the health care facilities that do not meet its standards or that do not respond to its lookout alerts.
However, the commission carries certain powers in those hospitals that fail to meet the standards evaluated by the commission survey may lose their accreditation and this may lead to loss of large amounts of dollars from the Medicare and Medicaid programs. The Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) therefore recognizes hospitals and health care centers that have been accredited by JCAHO as having met the requirements for participation in the Medicare and Medicaid (JCOHA, & Joint Commission Resources, 2005).
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