1.0 Background The primary challenge for many of the managers today is to deal with and solve complex problems in their respective organizations. While building on variety of academic sources, and trying to help respond accordingly to the prevailing challenges, creativity in problem solving is being embraced by making reference to the four management principles which include planning, organizing, leading and controlling and also referred as the P-O-L-C framework. The four functions of management are highly integrated as shown in the diagram shown below while performing day-to-day activities of the organization.
This is especially important in helping in the process of analyzing, understanding a complete and clear rationale for grouping different skills and those practices that are entailed in the P-L-O-C framework (Van Knippenberg et al 2011). However, it is important to realize that this framework has not gone without any criticism. For instance much of the criticism about this framework is that it might be an ideal approach to management and that cannot clearly depict what actually should be entailed in the list of day-to-day activities of the managers.
This is the reason as to why managers today have different ways to approach their management functions in relation to the four principles of management. The actual role of the manager today can be very fragmented and hectic irrespective of the level as there is always a threat of being dictated by the law to take priorities first (Gilboa et al 2008). However, the bottom-line is that the P-L-O-C framework provides a very useful ground for identifying the various activities managers commit as they seek to realize organizational goals and objectives.
Figure 1: The P-O-L-C framework Planning Organizing Leading Controlling Vision and mission Strategizing Goals and objectives Organization design Culture Social networks Leadership Decision making Communications Groups/ teams Motivation Systems and processes Strategic human resources 1.1 Purpose The purpose of this report is to take a critical view of the ways in which managers are working towards planning, organizing, controlling and leading. The objective of doing this is to establish if their approaches to management are relevant and suitable in solving the contemporary problems and thereafter develop the recommendation on how managers can work towards these four management functions.
This will be done after a detailed analysis of various management theories in relation to management approaches of various managers. 1.2 Scope This report will discuss the four management functions of management namely planning, organizing, leading and controlling as a P-O-L-C framework and ways in which the managers are working on these functions. Consideration of various management theories will be given priority in analysis different managers’ ways to planning, organizing, leading and controlling. This report will be taken from the management perspective on how they respond to the four management functions.
2.0 Findings 2.1 Planning Planning is one of the four functions of management which is recognized for its role in setting various organizational goals and objectives, and also by determining the direction for achieving them. In the current business environment, managers are forced to be aware of the prevailing environmental conditions that the organization is subjected to and that are likely to have an impact on the organization’s future. By doing this, the managers are able to forecast the future of the business.
To do adequate planning, managers are taking several steps. The first and most important step to planning that is being used by the managers is environmental scanning. Under environmental scanning, the managers are becoming very much aware of the existing contingencies that the organization faces and which might include economic instabilities, existence of competitors and availability of customers. The role of the managers is to forecast and determine the future of the organization and therefore mapping all these forces in the environment is very critical in planning (Van Knippenberg et al 2011).