Essays on Time Management - Models, Elements and Techniques Literature review

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The paper “ Time Management – Models, Elements and Techniques” is a thrilling variant of the literature review on management. This report aimed at determining how the performance of an individual may be improved when more hours are spent on both academics and study through developing skills of time management. To understand time management effectiveness, the theoretical concept of the study was conducted which provided insight about the topic of interest, and also an execution plan was formulated and implemented to guide the learning. Eisenhower's model was employed to classify learning exercises and to draw inferences on individual performance in each quadrant.

Results show that time management is positively correlated to the performance of an individual as effective time management was noted to culminate in stress reduction, enhanced productivity, and the proper balance of work-life. However, personality factors need to be taken into account since they influence one attitude regarding time management hence while selecting models of time management, individuals should consider their personality, priorities, and objectives which also should suit the model’ s purpose. Based on the findings, the report recommends that improved performance may be achieved if techniques such as relaxing, recharging, and having broad long term goals are exercised.

Also, there is a call for setting goals, task planning, and scheduling them as well as putting them into action for success to be realized. IntroductionTime is equitably distributed and is a scarce resource hence individuals need to change the way they manage it (Ciarniene & Vienazindien, 2014). It is an indisputable fact that a day will have 24 hours regardless of the place or season. Briton and Teaser (1991) argue that time is a limited resource that cannot be managed like other resources such as capital and labor.

They write that time is not tangible, accessible, or manageable but requires individuals to change the way they use it. Time management, therefore, involves all the actions which aim at maximum utilization of time to achieve the set objectives within the given period.

References

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Cannon, R. (1996). ‘Time Management': a review of issues and strategies for academic staff. Overview - University of Wollongong Teaching & Learning Journal, 3(1), 37-44.

Chase, J. D., Topp, R., Smith, C. E., Cohen, M. Z., Fahrenwald, N., Zerwic, J. J., … & Conn, V. S. (2013). Time Management Strategies for Research Productivity. Western Journal of Nursing Research 35(2), 155-176.

Ciarniene, R., & Vienazindien, M. (2014). The Conceptual Model of Time Management. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(13), 42-48.

Claessens, B. J. C., van Eerde, W., Rutte, C. G., & Roe, R. A. (2007). A review of the time management literature. Personnel Review, 36(2), 255-276.

Gafni, R., & Geri, N. (2010). Time Management: Procrastination Tendency in Individual and Collaborative Tasks. Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management, 5, 115-125.

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Jex, S. M., & Elacqua, T. C. (1999). Time management as a moderator of relations between stressors and employee strain. Work & Stress, 13(2), 182-191.

Macan, T. H., Comila, S, Dipboye, R. L., & Phillips, A. P. (1990). College students' time management: Correlations with academic performance and stress. Journal of Educational Psychology, 82(4), 760-768.

Macan, T. H. (1994). Time Management: Test of a Process Model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(3), 381-391.

Nadinloyia, K. B., Hajloob, N., Garamalekic, N. S., & Sadeghid, H. (2013). The Study Efficacy of Time Management Training on Increase Academic Time Management of Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84(9), 134-138.

Njagi, L. K., & Malel, J. (2012). Time Management and Job Performance in Selected Parastatals in Kenya. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 2(5), 19-29.

Paul, M., & Stroh, D. P. (2006). Managing Your Time as a Leader. The SoL Journal, 7(4), 1-16

Pehlivan, A. (2013). The Effect of the Time Management Skills of Students Taking a Financial Accounting Course on their Course Grades and Grade Point Averages. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(5), 196-203.

Zerihun, T. B., & Krishna, S. M. (2012). A Few Techniques for Time Management. Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research, 1(3), 32-37.

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