Essays on The Retail Industry in Australia - Employment Relations Case Study

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper 'The Retail Industry in Australia - Employment Relations" is a good example of a management case study. The retail industry in Australia has been growing for many years. The business has evidently experienced a momentous transformation over the years. Retail outlets have almost doubled and the turnover has also increased as a result (Forbes-Mewett, Griffin, Griffin, and McKenzie, 2005). Takeaway food stores and supermarkets have increased replacing mixed business stores and corner grocery stores. Some of the retailing businesses that developed during the 19th and the 20th centuries were the motor vehicle retailing, cosmetics stores, chemist stores, bookstores and newsagents, clothing stores, and hairdressers.

By the 20th century, the retailing industry in Australia saw the evolvement of photographic film processing, and video hires outlets. Since then, the industry has been growing because of the advancements in technology. In Australia, trolley collectors are viewed as employees because they are employed by a certain organization o provide their services. Nevertheless, the growth in the industry has been faced by many conflicts. The word ‘ workplace conflict’ possesses an extensive spectrum through its meaning, types, and grounds.

Conflict, as cited by Anderson, Teicher, Griffin (2005), refers to a process that starts when a group or person distinguishes opposition and differences between him/herself and a different group or person regarding resources and interests, practices, values, and beliefs. Workplace conflict starts from various interests in the place of work between the employee and the employer. The origin of conflicts in the workplace can be connected to workers’ behaviour in their jobs, work conditions, salary disputes, and unfair treatment (Australian Industrial Relations Commission, 2005). The workplace conflict to be discussed in the paper is underpayment amongst employees. Underpayment of employees refers to a situation where employees obtain less payment than their appropriate payment (Goodwin and Maconachie, 2007).

Underpayment amongst employees can be recognized by assessing timesheets, online check registers, and online PTR/ETR Reports. This is a very bad situation for the most middle class and young employees who focus on paying, rent, buying necessary wants, pay for their education, and other important things. Legislation that the Company Breaches A company that underpays its employees tend to breach several legislations. The first legislation is the Fair Work Act of 2009 that forms a fair workplace relations structure to working individuals, supple for businesses, and supports economic development and productivity (Fair Work Commission, n.d).

The second Act that the company breaches is the Racial Discrimination Act and Sex Discrimination Act that it may be infringing for underpaying its employees because they are from a certain ethnicity and gender respectively (Underhill, 2006). The third Act that the company may be breaching is the Equal Opportunity for Women in the Workplace Act 1999 (Cth).

The Act requires particular employers to uphold equivalent opportunities for all women in their workplaces (Mitlacher and Burgess, 2007). Additionally, breaching these Acts lead to the formation of the Fair Work Ombudsman intended to regulate workplaces in Australia. Roles of Fair Work Ombudsman The minimum conditions or wages that employees are entitled to are given in awards also called modern awards (Fair Work Commission, n.d). These awards fail to apply in businesses with registered agreements that also cover employees. Apart from ensuring that employees obtain these rewards the Australian Fair Work Ombudsman has several roles that the government allows it to perform.

They include (Fair Work Commission, n.d);

References

Anderson, E., Teicher, J. & Griffin, G. (2005). From Industrial Relations to Workplace Relations in the Australian Taxation Office: An Incomplete but Strategic Transition. Journal of Industrial Relations, 47(3): 339-352.

Australian Government. (n.d.). Fair Work Ombudsman. Accessed on 26 October from http://www.fairwork.gov.au/

Australian Industrial Relations Commission (2005). Annual Report of the President of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission and Annual Report of the Australian Industrial Registry, 1 July 2004 to 30 June 2005. Melbourne: Australian Industrial Relations Commission.

Davidov, G. (2004). Joint Employer status in Triangular Employment Relationships. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 42(4):727-746.

Deakin, S. (2001). The Changing Concept of the “Employer” in British Labour Law. Industrial Law Journal, 30(1):72-84.

Fair Work Commission. (n.d.). Awards and Agreements. Accessed on 26 October from https://www.fwc.gov.au/awards-and-agreements

Fair Work Commission. (n.d). Helping Australians Create Fair and Productive Workplaces. Accessed on 26 October from https://www.fwc.gov.au/

Forbes-Mewett, H., Griffin, G., Griffin, J. & McKenzie, D. (2005). The Role and Usage of Conciliation and Mediation in Dispute Resolution in the Australian Industrial Relations Commission. Australian Bulletin of Labour, 31(2): 171-189.

Goodwin, M. & Maconachie, G. (2007). Unpaid Entitlement Recovery in the Federal Industrial Relations System: Strategy and Outcomes 1952–95. Journal of Industrial Relations, 49(4): 523–44.

Maconachie, G. & Goodwin, M. (2006). Recouping Wage Underpayment: Increasingly Less Likely? Australian Journal of Social Issues, 41(3): 327–42.

Mitlacher, L. & Burgess, J. (2007). Temporary Agency Work in Germany and Australia: Contrasting Regimes and Policy Challenges. International Journal of Comparative Labor Law and Industrial Relations, 23(3):401-431.

Riley, J (2006). A Fair Deal for the entrepreneurial Worker? Self-employment and Independent Contracting Post Work Choices. Australian journal of Labour, 19(3):246-262.

TNS Social Research (2010). Fair Work Australia Unfair Dismissal Conciliation Research. Fyshwick, ACT: TNS Social Research.

Underhill, E. (2006). Labour Hire Employment and Independent Contracting In Australia: Two Inquiries, How Much Change? Australian Journal of Labour Law, 19(1):306-314.

Yaniv, G. (2004). Minimum Wage Compliance and the Labor Demand Curve. Journal of Economic Education, 35(3): 290–4.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us