Essays on The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Case Study

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The paper "The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty" is a good example of a business case study.   The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is also known as the Treaty on the non-proliferation of Nuclear weapons and abbreviated as NPT is a treaty of international nature whose sole objective and the is to inhibit a widespread of nuclear weapons and affiliated technology. It is aimed at promoting diplomatic usage and cooperation in the use of nuclear weapons and energy (Bellany et al 1985). It also aims to achieve arms reduction and disarmament of nuclear weapons.

The treaty was opened in the year 1968 and came into full force in 1970 but got an indefinite extension in 1995. Many countries have complied with the treaty due to its significant nature in promoting world peace. It is a treaty that aims to curb the spread of nuclear weapons and foster peaceful use of such technologies. Boon et al (2012), notes that the treaty has three elements that guide it which include; the aspect of non-proliferation, disarmament and peaceful use of nuclear weapons and energy. These elements act as the pillars of the treaty and the bargain between the states that have nuclear energy and weapons.

In the treaty, there is an agreement that countries that do not have nuclear weapons will not endeavor to acquire them, the ones that have nuclear weapons will pursue the disarmament route, and that every country will use its nuclear technology under safe conditions and with peaceful intent. In the treaty, nuclear states are defined as those states that have previously manufactured, produced, and experimented with nuclear weapons before the year 1967.

The rest are considered to be non-nuclear states commonly referred to as non-nuclear weapons states. The five states that are considered nuclear states are the United States, China, Russia, the United Kingdom, and France. Joyner, (2011) reiterates in the treaty, the non-proliferation aspect dictates that the nuclear states are not supposed to transfer any nuclear weapons or technology to any other place or to aid, inspire, encourage or convince any non-nuclear state to acquire or manufacture nuclear weapons. The nonnuclear states should not accept the transfer of nuclear weapons or affiliated technology from the nuclear states.

These states are to accept the terms of the International Atomic Energy Agency precautions and safeguards on nuclear technology in their regions and territories. Disarmament dictates that the nuclear states have to follow through negotiations in good faith on active measures pertaining to the termination of the nuclear arms contest and to the disarmament of nuclear weapons which should be conducted under stringent and effective control that adhere to international standards. The third provision of the treaty has to do with the peaceful use of nuclear weapons and technology.

It does not affect the rights of the nuclear states to manufacture and develop nuclear energy for peaceful reasons as long as such actions are in conformation with the provisions and tenets of the treaty. All sates have the right to exchange information, equipment, and technological advancements for the peaceful use of nuclear technology and energy The NPT is usually seen to be rooted on what is called the central bargain which stipulates that non-nuclear states are not to acquire nuclear weapons; the nuclear states in exchange agree to share the benefits of the technology as long as it is for peaceful purposes.

This they should do while pursuing avenues for disarmament which ultimately leads to the goal of total obliteration of the nuclear weapons in their possession. The NPT undergoes review after every five years in what is called Review conference of the parties to the NPT. In as much as the treaty was originally comprehended with a set duration of 25 years, the parties to the treaty agreed to extend it indefinitely without conditions in the meeting of 1995 in May.

This Review conference took place in New York.

References

Bellany, I., Blacker, C. & Gallacher, J. (1985). The nuclear non-proliferation treaty. London

New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis.

Boon, K., Huq, A. & Lovelace, D. (2012). Nuclear non-proliferation treaty. New York, N.Y:

Oxford University Press.

Joyner, D. (2011). Interpreting the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty. Oxford New York: Oxford

University Press.

Kessler, J. (1995). Verifying nonproliferation treaties : obligation, process, and sovereignty.

Washington, DC: National Defense University Press For sale by the U.S. G.P.O. Supt. of Docs.

Epstein, W. (1976). Last change: nuclear proliferation and arms control.

Ruzicka, J., & Wheeler, N. J. (2010). The puzzle of trusting relationships in the Nuclear Non

Proliferation Treaty. International Affairs, 86(1), 69-85.

Dunn, L. A. (1991). Containing nuclear proliferation.

Kapur, A. (1979). International nuclear proliferation: multilateral diplomacy and regional

aspects.

Szasz, P. C. (1996). IAEA Safeguards for NPT. Review of European Community & International

Environmental Law, 5(3), 239-245.

Suleman, A. M. (2008). Bargaining in the Shadow of Violence: The NPT, IAEA, and Nuclear

Non-Proliferation Negotiations. Berkley Journal of International Law (BJIL), 26(1).

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