AbstractGrowing up in single parent families has an impact on the level of earnings of children in early adulthood as a result of lower education they attained. Economic deficiency while growing up in this family structure is the main factor that brought about the negative impact of single parent family to children’s socio-economic well being. Also, these children have higher risk of committing delinquent behaviors in their adolescent years which affects their ability to pursue higher education and eventually highly accomplished jobs. These delinquent behaviors can hamper the future opportunities that these children can explore particularly if they succumb to substance abuse, teenage marriage, and eventual divorce.
IntroductionThis article reviews eight peer reviewed articles and research based articles related to single parent families. There has been a continuing increase in the number of single parent families in the United States from the 1960s to present. In fact, selected areas in the country reported to have higher number of single parent family population than two parent family population. This only means that single parent families have become a crucial segment of the country’s population and in molding future members of the labor force and of society in general.
Thus, it is only fitting to look into the situation of this family structure. It specifically answers the following questions: (a) What is the present and future economic implication of single parent families to children? , (b) Can father led single parent families equate mother led single parent families in terms of household management and child relationship? , and (c) What is the impact of living in single parent family to the behaviors of adolescent children? ArticlesJournal Article by Krein, S.
(1986) entitled Growing-up In A Single-Parent Family: The Effects On Education and Earnings Of Young Men. Krein (1986) researched what are the outcomes for young adult men who grew up in single parent families in terms of education and income. Data came from approximately 5,000 respondents over a 12 to 14 year period of interviews with mothers and their sons who were age 28 to 38 years old when the study ended. It found out that those young men who grew up with single parent families attained lower years of education by half or one year compared to young men who grew up with two parent families (p. 164).
It revealed further, that such lower years of education is dependent on the number of years they stayed in single parent families. Thus, the more years they spent growing up in single parent families, the lesser number of years they will attain education. In terms of childhood years, reduction in years of education is statistically significant during the preschool years. However, increase in income generation of single parent families increases the potential of children for higher education.
Further, it found little significance correlation between growing up in single parent families and earnings of young adult men. Analyzing the result of the study implied that it cannot directly relate levels of earnings of young men as a direct effect of growing up with single parent families. Also, having a negative impact to the number of years of education of these young adult men does not necessarily correlate with the impact on earnings. The study focused its discussion on three periods of childhood education wherein preschool had the most significant consequence.
However, it did not mention effects in college education. The mere fact that it mentioned no significant effect on the elementary and high school education of these young men showed that even with a single parent family, they were able to finish preparatory education to help them find opportunities to expand their education through college or higher training.