The paper 'Pixar Leadership" is a good example of a management case study. Motivation at the workplace emanated from Taylor’ s school of scientific management who had established that people generally disliked work, workers' inability to self-direct, need for supervision, and strict control. Further, Taylor was on the idea that people are highly influenced by financial gains to work, if workers were directed towards meeting certain standards they would better achieve it, firm and fair supervision is respected by workers and extra effort-reward leads to better results. In ensuring better performance the school of scientific management was on the idea that there was the best way of performing a task and it was the responsibility of the management to determine it so as to boost productivity (Pearson, 1992). The work of Taylor failed to address the human relation approach which is an important ingredient for the promotion of motivation.
The Hawthorne studies concluded that the most important motivational force behind most workers' behavior was the safeguarding and fostering of social relationships with their fellow workmates. The studies were on the view that people like being valued, want recognition, want to be controlled respectively, participative approach in the planning of staff-related issues and self-regulation approach on routine tasks (Schaufeli and Bakker, 2010). There are different reasons why people work, do work in certain ways, to specific standards, and with particular levels of enthusiasm.
All these sum up to behavioral aspects and their interaction is purely motivational. Motivation at the workplace concerns emotional undertakings that contribute to the stimulation, direction, and persistence of behavior (Munchinsky, 2012). From another perspective, motivation could be termed as inducement into performing a given task.
Therefore, an individual’ s motivation at the workplace is to a high extent influenced by the environment, genetics, and their interactions. These in turn influence personal attributes, that is personality, attitudes, motives, skills, and ability (Jex and Britt, 2008).
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