Essays on The Role of Intercultural Communication in Addressing Cultural Discrimination Literature review

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The paper "The Role of Intercultural Communication in Addressing Cultural Discrimination" is an outstanding example of a management literature review. With the high prevalence of cultural discrimination today, the concept of intercultural communication remains of necessity as it plays a significant role in encouraging cultural diversity. The rapidly changing environment, which is impacted by migration, technology, travel as well as education, makes individuals be in contact with various co-cultures and cultures. Therefore, for individuals to survive the challenges related to issues associated with the changing environment such as cultural discrimination, they must embrace the concept of intercultural communication.

By using a critical lens to understand as well as interpret the varying cultural dimensions in their intercultural interactions, individuals will be in a position to embrace diversity thus reduce the prevalence of cultural discrimination. In effect, this paper aims to delineate the issue of cultural discrimination today and the role of intercultural communication in addressing the problem 2.0 Cultural Discrimination According to Fishbein (2014), cultural discrimination is associated with exclusion, restriction, or hate, which may be directed towards an individual or even a group of people based on perceived or real differences in beliefs as well as cultural values.

Equally, Neuliep (2014) posits that discrimination can often be expressed through direct and indirect means hence leading to harassment as well as denial of rights. Some of the two forms of cultural discrimination being experienced in the world today are religious hate and racism, which will be highlighted in the subsequent sections. 2.1 Racism Recent statistics indicate that at least one out of five people in Australia is a target of racial discrimination, which accounts for approximately 4.6 million people Hanasono, Chenand Wilson (2014).

Further worrying statistics indicate that one out five people in Australia have in one way or another been a target of verbal racial abuse (Australian Human Rights Commission, 2016).


Ting-Toomey, S. 2005, The Matrix of Face: An Updated Face-Negotiation Theory. In W.B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing About Intercultural Communication (pp. 71–92). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Fishbein, H.D., 2014. Peer prejudice and discrimination: The origins of prejudice. Psychology Press.

Reuters, R. 2016. Religious conflict in global rise - report. [online] Available at: global-rise-report.html [Accessed 7 Sep. 2016].

Neuliep, J.W., 2014. Intercultural communication: A contextual approach. Sage Publications.

Hanasono, L., Chen, L. and Wilson, S. (2014). Identifying Communities in Need: Examining the Impact of Acculturation on Perceived Discrimination, Social Support, and Coping amongst Racial Minority Members in the United States. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 7(3), pp.216-237.

Australian Human Rights Commission, (2016). Face the facts: Cultural Diversity | Australian Human Rights Commission. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Sep. 2016].

Stepler, R. (2016). 5 key takeaways about views of race and inequality in America. [online] Pew Research Center. Available at: and-inequality/ [Accessed 8 Sep. 2016].

Frosh, S., 2015. Hate and the'Jewish Science': Anti-Semitism, Nazism and Psychoanalysis. Springer.

Hollingshead, A. (n.d.). Cultural Stereotyping, Convergent Expectations, and Performance in Cross Cultural Collaborations. SSRN Electronic Journal.

Buchtel, E. (2014). Cultural sensitivity or cultural stereotyping? Positive and negative effects of a cultural psychology class. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 39, pp.40-52.

Oetzel, J, Garcia, AJ & Ting-Toomey, S 2008, 'An analysis of the relationships among face concerns and facework behaviors in perceived conflict situations: A four-culture investigation', International Journal of Conflict Management, vol.19, no.4, pp. 382-403.

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