Essays on Diverse Perspectives on the Reasons Why Western Europe Industrialised Earlier than Asia Literature review

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The paper “ Diverse Perspectives on the Reasons Why Western Europe Industrialised Earlier than Asia” is a spectacular example of the literature review on macro & microeconomics. The debate concerning why Western Europe industrialized earlier than Asia has over and over again been mislaid in the ‘ dominion of mindset’ . Notably, it has been a norm in the midst of Eurocentric’ s to list the achievements of Europe in supporting technology, intrinsic to the obvious sagacity accredited to its free-market financial system, property rights, culture, as well as the state’ s unautocratic approach.

As a result, Europe had favorable socio-political-economic organizations; attached with its moderate environment along with deficient Malthusian demands on resources, not like in Asia, which saw resources as the natural contender for them to experience Industrial Revolution. In this regard, the study seeks to outline the reasons why Western Europe experienced the industrial revolution earlier than Asia, with the argument based on the Eurocentric view on industrialization. Why Western Europe Industrialised Earlier than AsiaOne benefit Western Europe had over Asia was the fact that they were ethnically united but politically diverse.

Hobson (2005, p. 373) posits that by being ethnically united, European countries managed to exchange ideas without restraint all through Western Europe; for instance, the heliocentric theory was suggested by Copernicus (a pole) and endorsed by Galileo (an Italian). When the Dutch lens maker managed to create a telescope, Galileo without delay embarked on making his own enhanced model. Arguably, when the globe’ s industry and trade begun to revolutionize in the late 20th century into a more international economy, Zhang (2001, p. 12) argues that the historians changed their views on the times of yore.

This appeared to shift away from a ‘ Eurocentric’ perspective of history and encircling a more universal history recommending a worldwide economy in the early days of the 12th century with its heart situated resolutely in Peiping. However, the big question is why Western Europe industrialized earlier than countries like china which arguably had advanced technological and scientific knowledge in the pre-industrial period.

References

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Fitzgerald, R., 2000. Introduction: Asian business systems and economic development - trade, finance and industrialization. Asia Pacific business review, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.1-18.

Garnaut, R. & Song, L., 2006. Rapid Industrialization and Market for Energy and Minerals: China in the East Asian Context. Frontiers of Economics in China, vol. 1, no. 3, pp.373-94.

Hobday, M., 2003. Innovation in Asian Industrialization: A Gerschenkronian Perspective. Oxford Development Studies, 31(3), pp.293-314.

Hobson, J.M., 2005. Deconstructing Rosenberg's 'Contribution to the Critique of Global Political Economy': A (Re)view from a Non-Eurocentric Bridge of the World. International Politics, vol. 42, no. 3, pp.372-80.

Jaimes, M.A., 1992. Re-Visioning Native America: An Indigenist View of Primitivism and Industrialism. Social Justice, vol. 32, pp.5-34.

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Thomas, M., 2013. The faith and the fury: the construction of anticlerical collective identities in Spain, 1874-1931. European history quarterly, vol. 43, no. 1, pp.73-95.

Zhang, X., 2001. Challenging the Eurocentric, Cold War view of China and the making of a post-Tiananmen intellectual field. East Asia : An International Quarterly, vol. 19, no. 1/2, pp.3-57.

Zhuang, H., 2013. Development of the Rural Cotton Textile Industry in China since the Ming Dynasty: Under the Perspectives of Proto-industrialization. (In Japanese. With English summary.). Osaka Economic Papers, vol. 63, no. 1, pp.31-50.

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