The paper 'The Resettlement of Refugees in Australia" is a good example of a management case study. The government of Australia has set up a humanitarian program that offers refugees with protection by resettling them and providing them with other human needs globally. A number of factors influence the size and composition of the Australians humanitarian program. Such factors include an estimated number of individuals likely to be considered in need of protection in the country, the organizations' and individuals' views conveyed in Australia during consultations by citizenship and immigration minister, and the available level of capacity that Australia can assist.
Hawkins (2008) argues that the Australian humanitarian program consists of two elements: first, it consists of the onshore component that gives protection to Australian individuals who meet the refugee definition in the convention of refugees. Secondly, it also consists of the offshore component that provides resettlement as a way of protection as well as a long-term solution for overseas individuals who need humanitarian help and do not have any choice available for them. The resettlement program has the category for refugees.
In addition, it also has a special category for the humanitarian program (Segal, & Elliott, 2012). For instance, the category of refugees includes individuals who have been persecuted in their mother country and need resettlement. Most of the refugee candidates regarded under this category are selected by UNHCR and then referred to Australia. On the other hand, the special category for the humanitarian program covers individuals who are refugees because of amounting substantial discrimination to human rights gross violation in their country. Sources indicate that places can be shifted between the offshore and onshore elements of the program according to the present need.
However, the first priority is given to the visa of onshore protection. Moreover, protection visas places needed are usually taken from offshore places. By the end of the year, the unused places are then added to the coming year allocation. Australia does not allow dossier selection applications for resettlement (Hawkins, 2008). Body Just like meeting the threshold procedure of substantial or persecution discrimination, resettlement candidates to Australia has to convince the citizenship and the immigration department of decision-makers that they have good reasons to be granted special consideration of obtaining a visa.
It includes weighing various factors like the level of harm suffered by the candidate, the level of the candidate’ s link to the country, the ability of Australia to provide for the candidate's resettlement. Moreover, the resettlement program may also weigh whether resettlement is the only appropriate choice for the applicant (Segal, & Elliott, 2012). However, all permanent visa candidates must meet the set rules and regulations. Such a set of rules and regulation include safety, ability to access health services, public interest procedure intended to protect the health of the people of Australia, and national security.
In some cases, the resettlement program may waive the health requirements, but character qualifications cannot be assumed (Segal, & Elliott, 2012). Under the Australian resettlement program, there is no special provision for elderly individual’ s resettlement or medical needs refugees. However, the program does not isolate anyone automatically because of sickness, but if only the applicant is suffering from tuberculosis (Hawkins, 2008). It is argued that the migration program family stream in Australia allows the entire permanent visa holders to sponsor their immediate family member’ s entry to the country.
In fact, former holders and holders of humanitarian program permanent visas may propose to resettle their immediate family members within five years of the visa grant. Humanitarian minors who are not accompanied are under 18 year’ s refugees who enter Australia under the program of humanitarianism. This category of refugees does not have guardians or parents to take care of them in Australia (Hawkins, 2008). Therefore, minor refugees without guardians or parents to take care of them are put under the legal Multicultural Affairs and immigration minister guardianship. Statistics indicate that the resettlement of offshore is the biggest element of the Australian humanitarian program.
This goes past global goals and reflects the Australian desire to help refugees who need humanitarian assistance. The government of Australia is dedicated to assisting humanitarian refugees in Australia and making them be part of the community. The government of Australia has also actively promoted regional migration so that it can balance the employers' needs in the regional areas, as well as avoiding overcrowding in the major cities in Australia (Segal, & Elliott, 2012). It is believed that the focus of the service of the program of resettlement is to enable the Australian refugees to be self-sufficient very fast and to allow them to fully participate in the Australian community.
In addition, sources from the citizenship and immigration department in Australia in connection to the citizenship-planned test commented that the Australian government plays a vigorous role in promoting social cohesion (Hawkins, 2008). It stated that the government’ s main policy is to enhance harmony in the community, ensuring government programs and services respond to the Australian community diversity and promote the business and economic benefit of the cultural diversity of entire Australians.
Via its plan of national action, the Australian central government offers assistance for community groups and local governments in steps to encourage social cohesion (Hawkins, 2008).
Browne, P. (2006). The longest journey: Resettling refugees from Africa. Sydney, Australia: University of New south Wales Press Ltd.
Casimiro, S., Hancock, P., & Northcote, J. (2007). Isolation and insecurity: Resettlement issues among Muslim refugee women in perth, western australia. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 42(1), 55-69, 8. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/216246132?accountid=458
Hawkins, F. (2008). Critical years in immigration: Canada and Australia compared. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
Mares, P., & Mares, P. (2012). Borderline: Australia's response to refugees and asylum seekers in the wake of the Tampa. Sydney: UNSW Press.
Segal, U. A., & Elliott, D. (2012). Refugees worldwide. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.
The futures of refugees and refugee resettlement. (2007). Migration World Magazine, 28(3), 26-33. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/212068676?accountid=458
Waxman, P. (2005). Homeland wanted: Interdisciplinary perspective on refugee resettlement in the West. New York: Nova Science Publ.