Universal StatementWomen all over the world are different from men in nature and also in composition not only externally but also internally, their harmonial composition is a whole lot different from men and they go under harmonial changes every now and then and hence it is very important and difficult to strike the right balance. There are some changes that cannot take place in a man, for example the harmonial changes that take place while being pregnant and this has a huge affect on the way women look at themselves and also at the world around themselves. Mental illness: Any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by social, psychological, biochemical, genetic, or other factors, such as infection or head trauma; also called emotional illness, mental disease, mental disorder (American Heritage Dictionary).
In some parts of the world, mental illnesses to this date have been treated as being possessed by someone or something and there is no doubt that culture plays an important role in determining the mental health of a person and also in the treatment of any mental illnesses if any.
There exists a void between the treatment and diagnosis of mental illnesses in the east and the west, the west with their open minded and scientific approach have been able to logically sort out the mental conditions that a person passes through but the east with their conservative approach and their belief in religion as being the sole savior has led to a complicated blend in the eastern society where the elite have been able to break the shackles of the conservative approach and deal with their mental health issues but the majority still suffers because of the conservatism and also because of the fear that they might be alienated from society if they try to break free of the shackles of conservatism.
Mental illnesses are developed for several reasons; they might be genetic or inherent, caused due to childhood events and may be due to the societal alienation or even because of strained relationships between loved ones specially parents. The cultural relativism has now to be taken into consideration because to deal with people from certain backgrounds you need to have knowledge of where they come from, what their norms are, what their society is like, what their religious beliefs are and how committed they are to following these beliefs.
These are the reasons that have led to the study of diverse societies of the world and a few from the Arabic world are listed below(www. psych. org/edu/) The following information is taken from a paper that studied post partum depression in women from the gulf region who are now based in Australia. a) Lebanese: The Lebanese are made up of several groups and they do not have a common language to bind them together, they are also divided on the religious front along sectarian lines.
The cultural values of Muslims need to be taken into account when they give birth to a child because a mother in Islam is a very revered status. Special care should be taken when giving out advice.