The paper “ Different Kinds of Management Structure Call for Different Types of Handling” is a persuasive example of a literature review on management. In the case of Sir Richard Branson, the potential problem caused by his maverick way of running his business is a lack of clear cut organizational structure and culture. Sir Richard Branson is trying to use the model of distribution of authority. This is where decision making is distributed among various departments in a company working closely with each other in doing their different tasks. An organization structure is where different types of components have got different patterns of relationship; this is where there is an arrangement between different people and different departments among themselves when working together. Literature reviewOrganizational structure and culture is the belief which has been entrenched in an organization over a long period of time.
There are organizational cultures that are hard to change and take a long time in changing and there are some which are weak and can be changed in time. Changing organizational culture and structure can be the hardest part a new manager can be faced with especially when he is new in an organization that has had a long-standing culture entrenched in it.
It may take years for a chance to take effect in the organization. The long-standing organization structure might either be good for the company or a problem to the company since some of them might be hurting the company in the long run so the manager has to find a way to replace this culture with a much more workable culture which the employees will be able to enjoy.
Take the case study of Pfizer. In the book management concept: managing in a global environment on page 202, Jordan Cohen a senior director with Pfizer noticed that the employees who were employed with Pfizer from accredited universities were spending 20% to 40 % of their time on support work which included creating documents, typing notes, doing research manipulating data and scheduling meetings and only 60% to 80% was used on knowledge-based work like strategies, innovations, networking, collaborations and critical thinking.
1. Hannan T M and Freeman J, American sociological review, vol. 49, No2 (1984)
2. Dawson R, An argument for heterarchy: creating more effective organizational structures, retrieved on 28th September 2010 from http://rossdawsonblog.com/weblog/archives/2009/04/an_argument_for.html
3. Bergman et al, management concepts: managing in a global environment, pearson education, 2009
4. Business directory.com, organizational structure retrieved on 28th September from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/organizational-structure.html
5. covin j g and slevin d p, the influence of organization structure on the utility of an entrepreneurial top management style, Vol 25, issue 3, pg217-238 (1988)
6. Child J, Organizational Structure, Environment and Performance: The Role of Strategic Choice, Sociology January 1972 vol. 6 no. 11-22
7. Miles E M,Snow C C, Meyer A D and Coleman H J, Jr. Organizational Strategy, Structure, and Process The Academy of Management Review Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 546-562 (1978)
8. Hitt M A, Ireland R D, Hoskisso R E, Strategic management: competitiveness and globalization : concepts & case, Cengage learning ( 2009)
9. Aiken M and Hage J, Organizational Interdependence and Intra-Organizational Structure American Sociological Review Vol. 33, No. 6 pp. 912-930 (1968),
10. Ouchi W G, The Relationship Between Organizational Structure and Organizational Control Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 95-113, (1977)