Risk ManagementIntroductionRisk management is the management policies and strategies which are meant to reduce chances of harm occurring in buildings or other dwelling places. Effective policies and strategies should be put in place in ensuring reduced and proper management of risks. Risk can be defined as the chances of injury or destruction occurrence at buildings, dwelling places or any other region occupied by human beings. Risk can take place mainly due to exposure to hazards. Hazard is anything that has a potential of causing harm in form of injuries, damage to properties and environment.
Risk assessment aims at ensuring any hazards with potential of causing danger are dealt with before any harm occurs to human beings or occupants of various buildings. In trying to reduce fire hazards and risks, there is importance of coming up with a fire risk assessment plan which will assist in reduction of fire occurrences and risks associated with fire. Fire risk assessment has main objectives of identifying the fire hazards while minimizing fire hazards risks which are likely to cause harm to the people.
Fire risk assessment also ensures efficient and effective physical fire precautions and management plans are taken and put into consideration to ensure reduced injuries and other kind of harms which might take place. Risk management helps in determining the chances of a fire occurring in premises as well as determining the risk it poses to those inside and outside the premises. Fire Risk AssessmentBritish Standards Institution (2005, p. 87) maintains that Fire risk assessment is a planned and systematic evaluation of a premises or building and activities being carried out there. It also looks at the likelihood of a fire starting and the harm it can cause to people around and within the premises.
In trying to identify fire hazards and people who are at risk as well as trying to reduce those hazards, risk assessment undergoes through various steps of the fire risk assessment. It is important to put in place various strategies to ensure fire incidences and risks are reduced. Various fire risk assessment strategic priorities aim at reducing number of fires as well as other emergency incidents.
They also aim at reducing loss of life in fires and other related emergency incidences as well as reducing the severity and number of injuries in emergency and fire incidents. Fire risk assessment strategic priorities also aim at reducing emergency and fire impacts on commercial, economic and social aspects or factors. It also aims at securing value for money in trying to reduce the number of losses in damaged properties. The fire risk assessment process involves identifying the hazards, deciding who might be harmed and how, evaluating the risks and deciding on various precautions, recording the findings and implementing them and finally reviewing the assessment and updating them if is necessary.
Hazards and risks identification and evaluationIn trying to reduce number of fires occurring in accommodation centers for students, it is important to identify and analyze potential hazards and risks in the accommodation centers. Students’ lifestyles factors should be reduced and taking into consideration in ensuring that they are no potential hazards to the students and fire-fighters in case fire occurs. There should be such arrangement in such they are reduced occurrences of fire and other related injuries or hazards in case of fire.
In identifying fire hazards, there are three major things that need to be analyzed which include sources of ignition, fuel, and oxygen. Failure to have one of these will not make fire to start hence reduced fire occurrence. They are various potential sources of ignition in buildings; there are usually possible heat sources that ignite materials that are found in buildings. Some of the ignition sources include naked flames like those of gas or liquid-fuelled open-flame equipment, candles and night lights.
Smokers’ materials like lighters, matches and cigarettes as well as boilers and hot processes like welding through contractors are ignition sources. Other ignition sources include cooking activities, machinery with hot surfaces, lighting equipment which may be either movable or fixed as well as misused or faulty electrical equipment like computers, vending machines and electric blankets. Charred electrical sockets and plugs as well as cigarette burns are other important aspects which can assist in identifying potential hazards. It is important to identify ignition sources in any premises including accommodation premises or centers for students as it will assist in reducing fire occurrences.
It will also assist in reducing injuries or fatalities to both the students and fire fighters.