IntroductionRisk reduction within the premises is an important part of risk reduction process by the entire community. It is crucial to undertake various fire visits within students’ premises in order to give advice and ways forward towards reducing risk. It is important to assist organizations comply with fire legislative responsibilities and acts in order to reduce any fire risks that arise or are a potential to fire hazards. Hazard is any source of potential harm, danger, or undesirable health effects on somebody or something under certain situations at premise or workplace as argued by Andrew & Martin (2007).
Hazard can also be referred to as the actual harm. It causes adverse effects or harm to properties, premises or on individuals. On the other hand, risk is the probability or chance that an individual will be harmed or faces some adverse effects when exposed to a hazard. Risk also takes effects on the equipments or premises. Fire occurrence within student premises is a hazard that has a potential of causing injuries or death of students while causing adverse damages to the premises.
Therefore, there is need to undertake a comprehensive risk assessment of such risks in order to reduce such effects occurring in future. Risk evaluation takes greatest part in the reduction of hazards and risks related to fire. This process involves identifying hazards, evaluating or analyzing hazards and risks related to fire while determining suitable ways of eliminating or controlling the hazard. In UK, there is Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004 that gives obligation to all fire and rescue authorities to encourage fire safety within their regions. This is because fire continuous to be a key threat to many communities.
Fire and Rescue services and authorities are drawing up Integrated Risk Management Plans (IRMPs) in United Kingdom in order to identify the specific groups of those at risk while targeting resources accordingly as argued by Andrew & Martin (2007). It is important to note that control measures for Fire and Rescue Services should involve operational equipment to be used or utilized. It also involves personal protective equipment and standard operating procedures (SOPs). Other factor is to take into consideration include realistic training and exercising that correspond with risks identified in the premises.
Competence, levels of supervision and command structures as well as communication systems should as well be taken into consideration by fire and rescue services. Fire Risk AssessmentA systematic general evaluation of the premises and organizational activities is crucial towards determining the potential fire hazards and risks that students, employees and other people may face. The assessment plays a key role in determining ways of reducing or controlling them. However, this assessment should be carried by a qualified and trained personnel and having a lot of experience or knowledge about fire.
The process of risk assessment should include several actions that include whether or not the fire and rescue services are supposed to carry out a particular activity. It should also identify particular activities that employees have to undertake. It should also identify hazards arising as various activities are being undertaken. The assessment should implement control measures towards risk reduction to a level that can be considered to very low levels. The risk assessment process involves five basic principles that are same in all areas as illustrated by Arthur, (2003).