SIGNIFICANCE OF RISK MANAGEMENT IN RELATION TO FIRE AND RESCUE SERVICESAssess the significance of risk management in relation to Fire and Rescue ServicesFire and rescue services should be strategically designed to appropriately respond adequately to emergency services and should be aimed at reducing injuries, fatalities and fire damages, through a wide range of fire prevention and community safety measures. Integrated risk assessment plan is generally aimed at ensuring sustainable, effective and more responsive fire prevention services ( Larsson, 2009). In some countries, there are laws that accords the fire authorities greater flexibility to even channel greater resources in prevention of emergencies instead of merely responding to them (Larsson, 2009).
Basically, this approach focuses on setting out strategies of improving fire services through evolution instead of revolution. Essentially, the concept of “prevention is better than cure” best captures the activities of the fire prevention besides a wider program of community safety. Fundamentally, we need to make certain, a balance between immediate and longer term improvements that needs further investments and improvements. This can be achieved through “making an informed assessment of the risks in the area and best ways to manage them, looking at prevention, enforcement and response” (William, 2007, p.
45). In attempting to reduce fire risk, prevention aims at reducing the number of occurrences that take place while at the same time providing a minimum standard of protection. While designing a fire prevention program, it is important to acknowledge the risk factors that exacerbate the likelihood of fire occurrences. For example, most fires tend to occur in old properties, especially in densely populated and socially deprived areas. Again, habits such as smoking use of drugs and alcohol influence fire outbreaks.
Also, households with young children, lone parents, have a limiting disability and have elderly persons are more exposed to risk of fire. One of principle constituent of fire prevention is to step up delivery of education on fire safety (Nelson, 1980). The processes of fire managements has evolved significantly overtime, and is now based on a balanced score approach using four groupings of community, process, people, and finance. It is however important that the whole risk management process get consideration (Magnusson, 2009).
The strategy begins with corporate planning process through determination of risks to the community, analyzing the hazards, applying mitigating strategies to minimize the risk to a manageable level and finally examination of the effectiveness of the procedure (Watts & Hall, 2002). The need to conduct risk assessments for safety purposes of the fire-fighter is indispensable. It is however important to note that those risk assessments should be conducted in an organized approach (Watts, 2002). The organized approach ought to include all features of the fire service and predominantly service delivery. This is the basic values for a Community Risk Management process.
As the momentum for service delivery shifts to prevention, it becomes important to acknowledge that there is to a large extent wider responsibility in ensuring a securer society. Achievement of secure individuals is one aspect of risk control in this growing responsibility. The risk management style discussed is sufficiently flexible to include all the current aspects of service delivery. Indeed it positively promote a holistic approach in the course of