The paper "Crowd Management at Outdoor Music Festivals" is an outstanding example of a management case study. Crowd management at outdoor music festivals are complex events to organise and manage, this is because of many exceeding the number expected to attend. There is the uncertainty of the participants, their behaviour, the number of attendees, the weather and other factors. Such gatherings pose risks such as safety and health risks to the attendees as well. Every year there are reports of deaths and severe injuries from outdoor music festivals; there is much that organisers of such events can still improve on in order to avoid such risks.
There are new and standard safety and security measures that music festival organisers can take to improve on security. The objective of this report is to discuss how to manage a crowd at outdoor music festivals and concerts. Showing more interest as well as concern on all aspects of crowd management in music festival provides lifetime experience as well as the safety environment for all the participants. 1.0 Crowd Management at Outdoor Music Festivals 1.1 Introduction Managing crowds in outdoor music festivals include significant risks.
The severity, extent and exposure to risks vary depending on various factors. Outdoor music concerts and festivals are a spectacle that interests local people as well as visitors from outside (tourists). Interestingly, the higher, bigger and well known the music festival becomes, the higher the risks are. Nowadays, there are dangers not only in urban places but also in rural areas where outdoor music festivals and concerts are held. There is no outdoor music 1festival or concert with risks, these calls for high crowd management to avoid the risks and whence keep the crowd safe (Gibson & Connell, 2012). There are numerous risks and the probability of such risks happening depends on several aspects such as the number of attendees, the nature and size of the festival or concert, the time of the day, the type of music events (classical, rock, jazz, and pop), the consumables (food, refreshments, water, alcohol), the age of the participants, the weather conditions, and the location of the venue (Anderton, 2008).
For these reasons, any outdoor music festival that expects the public to attend requires a clear crowd management plan developed by skilled and experienced personnel.
There is a need to ensure that the right measures to control crowds are in place. There should be a clear and comprehensive crowd safety management plan that is based on various factors indicated above. This report provides an overview of crowd management at outdoor music festivals and concerts. 2.0 Analysis of Crowd Management at Outdoor Music Festivals A year barely passes without reports of crowd related deaths and severe injuries from outdoor music festivals and concerts.
For instance, one very recent example of such crowd deaths and injuries that still stand in the minds of many people is the tragic events that took place during the “ Love Parade in Duisburg” Germany in the year 2010. A total of 21 people lost their lives and more than 500 people were injured in a crowded tunnel. Helbing and Mukerji (2012) report that the cause of the misfortune is credited to the complex interplay of causal interdependences aspects (Bowdin et al. , 2012). They report that there was a complex system failure where crowd management eventually failed.
Crowd management is the determinations to shun such accidents by guiding and managing large crowds in safe ways before, during and after the festivals. It is a difficult assignment that increases in complexity the greater the crowd being managed as Soomaroo & Murray (2012) notes.