The paper "Working with the Community" is an outstanding example of management coursework. The Matarrita-Cascente and Brennan (2012) paper focuses on community development conceptualization by offering a conceptual definition which addresses both practitioners and academics perspectives of the community. Community definition is provided using three theories that include field theory, system theory, and human ecology. Community is then said to contain various elements that include human, physical, and economic resources. The community also contains processes which include physical development, human development, and economic development processes. The paper developed the definition of community development founded on the identified processes and elements.
It also cites four forms of community development which include self-help, directed, and imposed community development. Lynn (2006) explores community complexity and various discourses in the community. She also evaluates discourses significance in social work practice. Lynn identifies ten discourses that include devolution of the social state, contractual government agent, orthodox communitarianism, partnerships government agent, networked rural community, community as an organization, local critique, radical communitarianism, social democratic, and integrated community. The ten discourses are used to show the contested and complex relationships between the state and communities.
In discourse definition and examination of various factors regarding each discourse, different positions are validated and articulated to assist in eliminating the current confusion on meanings and the universal dominant claim. Rothman (1996) updates his previous community models by employing interlinking and mixing strategies. The author employs three community intervention techniques that include social action, social planning policy, and local development. The paper then interweaves these approaches to create different intervention modes. These modes include ideal, overlapping, and intermixed. The paper then discussing the composite of each mode and dilemma faced while employing the discussed modes.
The authors then demonstrate the practical application of these interventions in various social settings. Models update was done because the society is changing and the social planners currently have to overcome more complex situations and challenges in social planning. Week 5 The Aigner et al. (2002) paper discusses social interaction changes taking place in the 21st century. Social relationships and face-to-face social interactions were initially regarded as the two elements of the community. Nevertheless, the new change which enhances virtual social interaction brings new challenges to the initial meaning of the word community.
The paper is based on the Gemeinschaft concept, which is a traditional community concept in the natural soil of kin, family, and place. Gemeinschaft is used by the theorist to demonstrate solidarity in the traditional society. This concept is revisited by various theorists trying to apply it in the global context. Hartley and Allen (2015) provide a research paper focusing on establishing whether symbolic comprehension of pictures in autism children is mediated by language and iconicity. To accomplish this, the researchers performed two experiments.
Participants in experiment one were taught new words matched with unfamiliar pictured, which were different based on iconicity. Different from normal children of the same age, autism children normally mapped words to picture instead of portrayed referents, though they frequently generalized labels in color picture condition. Autism children in experiment two classified a line with its referent instead of another picture whether named or not.