Managing People IntroductionManagement of an organization as it is known today exists in nonprofit, public, and private organizations. Over the years, the complexity and size of all forms of organizations have increased, and thus a professional and defined way of management has become a requirement. Management can be defined as a form of work or process that entails the direction or guidance of a group of individuals towards the objectives or goals of an organization. The management philosophies used by many organizations today rely on the theories that were formulated between the end of the 19th century, and the beginning of the 20th century during the period of the great depression.
This period is what is presently referred to as the classical school of management. The contributors to this school emphasized on efficiency, scientific, administrative and bureaucratic management. Scientific management focused on the “one best way” to manage an organization. Bureaucratic management depended on a coherent set of guidelines on management, and administrative management focuses on the flow of information on a company. This paper uses Semco as a case study in discussing the management of people in an organization.
The paper begins with a discussion of the classical school of management, and the reliance of Semco on this theory specifically on administrative management. The paper then discusses two motivational theories and their relevance to Semco. The two theories are two-factor theory by Fredrick Herzberg, which proposes that there are two set factors that affect the motivation of employees. The other theory is by theory X and Y which were formulated by Douglas McGregor. The paper then discusses the concept of empowerment which enables an individual to control work, take action, make a decision, behave, and think in independent ways, and its relevance to Semco.
Finally, the paper discusses WL Gore & Associates, a company that has a management philosophy that is remarkably similar to that of Semco. Semco’s Reliance on the classical school of managementThe classical management theory was among the pioneer schools of management thought; it was established during the era of the industrial revolution as a result of the emergence of the factory system problems. Managers at the time were not sure of how deal with heightened labor dissatisfaction or the best way to train employees.
This resulted in the practice of testing solutions to find the best way to manage and perform tasks. Under the classical schools of management, there are two main branches: classical administrative and classical scientific. In the case of Semco, most of its practices rely on the classical administrative school of thought. While classical, scientific school concentrates on the productivity of people, the classical administrative school of thought relies on the overall organization. The focus is on the establishment of managerial principles as opposed to working methods.
The main contributors of classical administrative theory include Chester Barnard, Mary Follett, Henri Fayol, and Max Weber. All of these theorists observed the flow of information in an organization and stressed on the significance of comprehending how a company is operated. (DuBrin 2005, p. 17)