Essays on CSR in Shell Nigeria Case Study

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper "CSR in Shell Nigeria" is a perfect example of a business case study. Within the last couple of decades, the overall interest in corporate social responsibility has amplified considerably. This is motivated by the reality that it is just not enough for corporations to produce super quality products without incorporating the ethical aspects of employees, the community, the environment, NGO’ s and other important stakeholders to the company. Organizations today acknowledge that they do not function in a vacuum, but rather in society. As a result, the welfare of society and the people in the organization is considered important.

Corporate social responsibility has therefore become important. CSR implies that organizations behave ethically with sensitivity towards cultural, social, economic and environmental issues. Companies in the oil and gas industry such as Shell Nigeria have also actively embraced CSR. Shell is a multinational corporation that has been in existence for over 50 years and has closely affected Nigeria’ s economy, politics and overall development. The objective of this paper is to examine the CSR activities of the Shell Company in Nigeria. Foremost, the paper will provide an overview of corporate CSR strategies that can be applied to the case of Shell Niger Delta.

The scope of the analysis will also be grounded on examining what motivates Shell to participate in various CSR activities. In addition, the report will evaluate how the firm's CSR relates to the overall strategy of the firms and how they have influenced the company’ s competitive advantage. Overview of the corporate CSR strategy A growing number of companies undertake CSR today. Just like the business strategy is considered important, having a CSR strategy is also equally important.

McElhaney (2009) highlights that when devising a CSR strategy the management of an organization should identify the specific business objectives that the developed strategy must support. In the context of the oil and gas industry, the various frameworks and modes can be applied in order to come up with a corporate CSR strategy. These are mainly derived from the objectives that the company aims to obtain.


Buchholz, R and Alexander, G. (1982) “Corporate social responsibility and stock market

Performance”, Academy of Management Journal, 21(3), pp. 479-86

Boele, R., Fabig, H. and Wheeler, D.( 2001). Shell, Nigeria and the Ogoni. A study in

Unsustainable development: II. Corporate social responsibility and ‘stakeholder management ‘versus a rights‐based approach to sustainable development. Sustainable Development, 9(3), pp.121-135.

Coble. B. (2007) Shell’s Corporate Social Responsibility in the Niger Delta.

Corder, S. (2015) Appeals judges: Dutch court has jurisdiction in pollution case between Nigerian farmers, Shell. USNews .

Figge, F (2015) Greenhouse gas reporting quality in the oil and gas industry. Accounting,

Auditing & Accountability Journal, 28(3), pp.403-433.

Frynas, J and Wood, G 2001, Oil and War in Angola, Review of African political Economy , pp 587-66.

Frynas, G(2005). The false developmental promise of Corporate Social Responsibility: evidence from multinational oil companies, International Affairs, 83(3), p581–598.

Husted, B.W. and Salazar, J. (2006) “Taking Friedman seriously: maximizing profits and social

performance”. Journal of Management Studies. 43 (1). pp. 75-91.

Hilson, G.(2012) Corporate Social Responsibility in the extractive industries: Experiences from

developing countries. Resources Policy, 37(2), pp.131-137.

Lugard, S. (2014) Stakeholder approach to corporate social responsibility: recipe for

Sustainable peace in the Niger delta region?. Journal of Sustainable Development Law and Policy (The), 4(1), pp.154-173.

Mehra, A (2012) Shell, Corporate Social Responsibility and Respect for the Law. Fobez Magazine.

Ite, U.E., (2004) Multinationals and corporate social responsibility in developing countries: a case study of Nigeria. Corporate Social-Responsibility and Environmental Management, 11(1), p.1.

Ives, K, and Utting, P (2006). The politics of Corporate Responsibility and the oil Industry, Stair, 1(2006): 11-34.

Johansen, T. (2009) Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility in Shell. BAMMC Thesis.

Langhelle, O and Mikkelsen, A. (2008) Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk? Routledge.

McElhaney, K. (2009) Strategic Approach to Social Corporate Responsibility. Barkley Education.

Otusanya, O.J., Lauwo, S. and Adeyeye, G.B( 2012)A Critical Examination of the Multinational

Companies Anti-corruption Policy in Nigeria. Accountancy, Business and the Public Interest, 11, pp.1-52.

Porter, M.E. (1980) Competitive Strategy, The Free Press. New York: NY

Shell. (2007a)Annual Report 2007.The Hague, The Netherlands: Shell.

Shell. (2009) Shell General Business Principles. The Hague, The Netherlands: Shell Corporation.

Shell. (2010) Shell General Business Principles. The Hague, The Netherlands: Shell Corporation.

Shell. (2014) Shell General Business Principles. The Hague, The Netherlands: Shell Corporation

Shell Nigeria (2015) Retrieved From

Spence, D. (2011) Corporate Social Responsibility in the oil and gas industry: The importance of Reputational Risk. Symposium on Energy Law, 86(4),p 59-70.

Telesur (2015) , Shell Still Hasn't Cleaned Up Nigeria Spills, Report Exposes,

Ventures Africa (2015). Top 100 Companies in Nigeria. Joberrman.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us