The paper "Skills Required and Expected for Rescue Teams" is a wonderful example of a literature review on human resources. I selected the topic because, in addition to the direct benefit to victims, effective disaster rescue operations carry a great positive societal impact. Moreover, it can attract the attention of policymakers because the government’ s response to a disaster is fundamental to its existence since many have fallen because of ineffective disaster response. This because an administration that is powerless against a disaster is exposed to public opinion that obviously probes the leader’ s ability to rule effectively.
Therefore, the most logical route to evade such an opinion is through rapid and efficient disaster response. More importantly, the public has a propensity to develop a sense of trust when they see a government managing a crisis effectively. As the public expects a first-rate search and rescue service virtually in every situation, the rescue has become an applicable, rational, and proven justification to develop the rescue capabilities of local fire departments. From the public’ s perception, fire departments are normally the most cost-effective and competent entities ready to provide advanced rescue service on a daily basis.
It is a feature of a progressive society that increasing levels of specialization, supported by specialized training, research and development, and resources, are mandatory for firefighters and rescuers to counter the hazards with which they are confronted. Today, the notion that a usual tailboard firefighter has all the skills required to deal with all fire and rescue hazards safely by virtue of conventional fire academy training and fire ground familiarity combined with common sense is no longer adequate. Although common sense is generally accepted as one of the most essential factors for effective disaster operations, every so often common sense in itself does not provide all the tools required to function in hazardous life and death situations.
Many firefighters have lost their lives undertaking what appears rational at the time, without the benefit of prescribed training and skill concerning particularly hazardous circumstances similar to those found in many technical rescue emergencies and disasters. The element of risk can never be removed from rescue, but it can be decreased through tedious exercise, proper equipment, knowledge of the hazard, smart planning, competent incident command, and teamwork.
Alexander David. 2002. Principles of Emergency Planning and Management, Oxford University Press, US
Arksey Hilary and Knight Peter. 1999, Interviewing for Social Scientists: An Introductory Resource with Examples, SAGE, U.K.
Buckman John M.2005, Chief Fire Officer's Desk Reference, International Association of Fire Chiefs, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, U.S.
Collins Larry. 2004, Technical Rescue Operations: Planning, Training, & Command, PennWell Books, U.S.
Cooper Donald. 2005, Fundamentals of Search and Rescue, National Association for Search and Rescue, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2005, U.S.
Cooper Harris. 1998, Synthesizing Research: A Guide for Literature Reviews, SAGE, U.S.
Cox Steven and Fulsaas Kris. 2003, Mountaineering: The Freedom of the Hills, The Mountaineers Books, U.S.
Hirst Ben. 2005, Technical Rescue: Ropes and Rigging, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, U.S.
International Association of Fire Chiefs. 2007, Industrial Fire Brigade: Principles and Practice, NFPA (National Fire Prevention Association), Jones & Bartlett Publishers, U.S.
Marshall Catherine and Rossman Gretchen. 2006, Designing Qualitative Research, SAGE, U.S.
Polit Denise and Beck Cheryl Tatano. 2004, Nursing Research: Principles and Methods, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, U.S.
Pollak, Andrew and Gupton Carol. 2001, Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, U.S.
Rohnke Karl, Wall Jim, Tait, Catherine, and Rogers Don. 2003, The Complete Ropes Course Manual, Kendall Hunt, U.S.
Smeby Charles. 2005, Fire and Emergency Service Administration: Management and Leadership Practices, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, U.S.
Tyson Andy and Loomis. 2006, Molly Climbing Self Rescue: Improvising Solutions for Serious Situations, The Mountaineers Books, 2006, Canada
Walbridge Charles and Sundmacher Wayne. 1995, Whitewater Rescue Manual: New Techniques for Canoeists, Kayakers, and Rafters, McGraw-Hill Professional, U.S.
Yin Robert. 2003, Case Study Research: Design and Methods, SAGE, 2003, U.S.