The paper 'Managing Human Resources and Principles of Management' is a wonderful example of a Management Assignment. Organizational Behavior (OB) refers to the study and application of knowledge on how individuals, people, as well as groups act in organizations (Adetule, 2011). Study behaviors under organizational behavior take a system approach that interprets people-organization relationships based on while the group, whole person, completely social system, and whole organization. The aim of organizational behavior is to build healthy relationships by achieving organizational, social, and human objectives (Nelson et al. , 2012). Therefore, organizational behavior involves a wide range of aspects such as change, leadership, human behavior, teams, and others. Evidently, several aspects affect the behavior of individuals in an organization including communication, organizational structure and design, performance appraisal mechanisms, job description, and work design (Adetule, 2011).
Briefly, the way management engages other people in an organization determines the kind of behavior the employees will depict. The management needs to divide proper and effective communication mechanisms that are all-inclusive. The objective should be to make sure all personnel at all levels of management are involved in the communication process (Nelson et al. , 2012).
The ripple effect of such mechanisms is that there will be less conflict and more understanding within all sectors in an organization. Additionally, organizational structure and design refer to the authority and power-sharing in an organization, which determines the order of command. On the other hand, job description and work design are the responsibilities that one is expected to have in a working place as well as the working structure such as arrival times. All the aforementioned factors affect the behavior of an individual in a working environment. Attitudes Attitudes are moods or emotional status of a person that determines how one reacts in a given scenario.
In a working environment, attitudes affect every how performs his duties ranging from senior to junior employees (Nelson et al. , 2012). If an employee has a positive approach towards work or a specific task, the outcome and general performance will be better than when an employee I shaving a negative attitude. Attitudes play a critical part in helping to develop the prevailing workplace environment that determines employee productivity, morale, and team-building abilities (Nelson et al. , 2012).
Consequently, it is critical to understand how a negative and positive attitude affects workplace performance based on an individual has or group’ s behavior. Notably, attitudes in a working environment affect the behavior of people in a number of ways (Nelson et al. , 2012). For instance, the prevailing attitude can add validation to events that occur in a working place. For example, if employees have a negative attitude, then an announcement of revenue drop could be met with some expectations instead of urgency. On the other hand, if the same happens where employees have a positive attitude there is a possibility that the announcement will be met with the belief that the business is not performing well and something need to be done.
Further, an attitude not only creates competition but also enhance the competitive environment in an organization, since it makes employee competitive and out-beat one another (Nelson et al. , 2012). Other effects of attitudes on the behavior of employees in an organization include the creation of innovative ideas and retention.
Adeniyi, M. A. (2007). Effective leadership management: An integration of styles, skills &
character for today's CEOs. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse.
Adetule, J. (2011). Handbook on management theories. Bloomington: Author House.
Cole, G. A., & Kelly, P. (2011). Management theory and practice. Australia: South-Western
French, R. (2011). Organizational behaviour. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.
Koontz, H., & Weihrich, H. (2010). Essentials of management. New Delhi, McGraw-Hill.
Miles, J. A. (2012). Management and Organization Theory: A Jossey-Bass Reader. Hoboken:
John Wiley & Sons.
Nelson, D.L., Quick, J.C., Wright, S. & Adams, C. (2012). ORGB (Asia Pacific Ed.). South
Melbourne, Vic: Cengage Learning Australia. ISBN: 9780170184977
Rudani, R. B. (2013). Principles of management. New Delhi: McGraw Hill Education (India.
Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational Culture and Leadership. New York, NY: John Wiley &
Snell, S., & Bohlander, G. W. (2013). Managing human resources. Mason, Ohio: South-