Essays on Sydney Opera House Project Management Research Proposal

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The paper "Sydney Opera House Project Management" is a perfect example of a management research proposal.   The Sydney Opera House is an icon in Australia’ s buildings making it the most recognized technical and creative achievement. The building was completed in 1973 and since then has attracted several people due to construction and design facilitated with its location (Australian Government 2013). The structure has been located on a Bennelong Point, an outstanding harbor setting. The buildings’ design which is accompanied by a white shell-shaped roof on a red granite structure has made the building to acclaim to be the 20th-century architectural icon.

The building was constructed in sixteen years; that is between 1957 and 1973 and have since then been hailed as the masterpiece of the modern construction technology, engineering, and architectural design in Australia. The designer of the building was Danish architect JØ rn Utzon who doubles as the Pritzker Prize winner. In addition, the engineering firm was Ove Arup and Partner from Denmark and the building contractors was the M R Hornibrook which is Australian based. The architects that oversaw the completion of the project were Hall, Littlemore, and Todd.

However, the story of the Sydney Opera House construction had its significant share of controversy. The construction of the Sydney Opera House was characterized by escalating costs and complex engineering problems. As a result, it became a source of public debate that only reduced upon the completion of the building (Hale & Macdonald 2005). The achievement linked to the beauty of the building made it become world news thus making the scandals associated with its construction subsidies. In explanation, it is estimated that the building costs were $AU 102, 000, 000 (Australian Government 2013).

In addition, constructing the roof sails also had challenges and took approximately four years to solve. The roof sails were dependent on the sphere’ s geometry thus demonstrating the creative potential in architecture. Furthermore, Utzon used the structure to demonstrate the possibility of using repeated prefabricated components in construction. The structure of the proposal is made of sections and sub-sections. The main sections of the proposal include an introduction, problem identification, literature review, research objective, and research methodology. It is these sections that are divided into subsections.

Furthermore, the proposal has the cover page, reference, and appendix section. 2.0 Problem Identification Even though the Sydney Opera House was considered an architectural achievement of the 20th century, it had several failures. The project started in 1959 and was to take only four years with the total budget being $ AU 7 million. The failure was not only based on the time frame and the cost too. In explanation, the project was a failure from the beginning since it had no specification of costs and design to the client.

As a result, the time overruns and cost overshadows blamed on Utzon, the architecture who spearheaded the construction. Utzon was, therefore, forced to resign before the project completion. He resigned in 1966, and a team of Australian architects was appointed to complete the project. The project was finalized in 1973 which was 10 years after the original date of completion that it was scheduled. In addition, the final cost of the project was $ AU 102 million which is approximate $ AU 95 million above the initial estimation thus making a cost overrun of approximately 1,300 percent (Eze 2014).

Reference

List

Australian Government 2013, Sydney Opera House. Available from: < http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/sydney-opera-house >. [4 August 2016].

Baume, M 2014, ‘Villains and myths at the Sydney opera house’, Quadrant, vol. 58, no. 1/2, pp. 84-88.

Bennett, H 2015, The impact of technology on project management: Pre-1950s to the modern age. Available from: < http://www.keyedin.com/keyedinprojects/article/the-impact-of- technology-on-project-management-pre-1950s-to-the-modern-age/ >. [5 August 2016].

Eik-Andresen, P, Landmark, AD, & Johansen, A 2015, ‘Managing cost and time in a large portfolio of projects’, Procedia Economics and Finance, vol. 21, pp. 502-509.

Eze, N 2014, Evaluating the Sydney Opera House building construction. Available from: < https://www.scribd.com/doc/200973691/Evaluating-the-Sydney-Opera-House-Building- Construction-Project-A-MSc-academic-essay-MSc >. [4 August 2016].

Hale, P, & Macdonald, S 2005, ‘The Sydney Opera House: An Evolving Icon’, Journal of Architectural Conservation, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 7-22.

Munns, AK & Bjeirmi, BF 1996, ‘The role of project management in achieving project success’, International journal of project management, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 81-87.

Wyche, S, Sengers, P & Grinter, RE 2006. ‘Historical analysis: using the past to design the future’, In International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (pp. 35-51), Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

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