The paper 'Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill " is a good example of a management case study. Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill is considered one of the biggest disasters which have ever happened globally. Although there are many other disasters which have impacted negatively the lives of many people and other ecosystems. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill started in Mexico and affected many other countries like the US (Jervis & Levin 2010). It affected the lives of many people and the ecosystems of the animals and birds. Besides affecting the ecosystems, the oil spill also claimed the lives of 11 people who were involved in the disaster (Jervis & Levin 2010).
In this regard, this paper will discuss the causes and context of the Gulf of Mexico Oil spill, the impacts of the disaster, description of the most affected groups and the humanitarian response towards the crises. Description of the Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill The disaster began in the Gulf of Mexico in the year 2010 and caused deaths of eleven people. It is the biggest disaster in the petroleum industry (Jervis & Levin 2010).
There are many investigations which have been conducted to find out the cause of the oil spill. The investigations are headed by the United States Department of Justice. The reports indicate that the main of the oil spill is due to ignorance and human error (Jervis & Levin 2010). What happened is that the company’ s policy of cutting down the operational costs also contributed to the disaster of the oil spill. One way of cutting down the costs is through lowering the maintenance costs. The company did not maintain its equipment like the pipelines (Robertson & Krauss 2010).
This led to blockage and breakage, leading to an oil spill. In this regard, it can be indicated that the Gulf of Mexico oil spill was caused by a lack of appropriate measures by both the government and the company itself. The Gulf of Mexico oil spill affected about 1100 linear miles along the coastal wetlands. The oil spills affect the marine ecosystems and thus functions such as fishing declined. This implies that the fisheries declined by 20 percent since the disaster occurred (Weber 2010).
The immediate effect is that people whose economic activity was fishing were affected economically. In this case, most people could not sustain themselves because their source of income was affected and the whole population was affected as a result. The BP Company was interested in cutting down the costs of products and as a result, they failed to put in place adequate safety measures to ensure the safety of the company and its operations. The report also indicated that there were no adequate reforms in the industry and the government policies were inadequate to manage the operations of the oil industry (Robertson & Krauss 2010).
Due to lack of adequate measures by both the government and the company, high blood methane gas rose from the well and expanded into the drilling rig and there was some ignition which led to an explosion. It was estimated that the 62,000 barrels per day were the most appropriate flow rate of the oil spill. This is a high rate at which oil can spill. In the end, it was approximated that the total oil which leaked was 4.9 million barrels.
This quantity makes the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, the largest disaster in the petroleum industry (Robertson & Krauss 2010).
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