The paper "Automobiles in China and Ethics" Is a great example of a Management Case Study. Society and individuals are usually guided by different aspects of whether behavioral and societal requirements. People are required to fulfill tasks but it is important to have rules and regulations in guiding the accomplishment of the tasks. Principles usually guide people and one of the standards in ethical and moral considerations. The aim of this paper is to analyze automobile manufacture in China and its impact on society. Five theories are utilized in analyzing the case study to illustrate how different theories approach an issue differently.
The five theories are utilitarianism, Kantian deontology, justice, rights, and normative ethical relativism. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism theory can be categorized as a normative ethic and it holds that the appropriate approach of action taken maximizes utility through maximizing on happiness while reducing suffering. The theory was championed by John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham (Hinman, 2011). The ethical theory states that right and wrong can only be determined through utilizing cost-benefit analysis (Brooks and Dunn, 2009). People utilizing or analyzing this theory are at loggerheads when determining what counts as “ bad” and what counts as “ good” (White, 2011).
Some utilitarians think that suffering is bad while happiness is good. It is important to understand the right actions and right morals can be approached through two perspectives in that an action may be seen right since it produces the right results (Roberts, 2006). For example, it is good killing one person since the organs from that one person can save more than five persons; however, killing is morally wrong. Therefore, the theory postulates that the action should yield more positive compared to negative.
This theory can be applied when it comes to the automotive industry in China. China produces millions of cars and sells millions of cars yearly. Cars usually come with negative consequences to the environment but positive consequences to the society. For example, cars assist in transport but these cars cause pollution to the environment. According to utilitarians, the issue of happiness, leisure from the utilisation of the cars, and sadness, through pollution of the environment, should be analyzed from the cost analysis angle (White, 2011).
The automobiles carry many people and this is a positive outcome according to utilitarianism theory and thus according to the theory, it is better to produce more cars and not factoring into consideration the negative consequences of automobiles to both humans and environment. Therefore, utilitarianism champions the idea of producing more cars provided the users are satisfied while shareholders of the car producing companies are satisfied. Kantian deontology Kantian deontology champions moral law. The theory was proposed by Immanuel Kant and its origin is enlightenment rationalism in that a decision made should be based on principle or maxim behind it.
The theory is based on categorical imperative, an aspect that acts on individuals regardless of their desires or interests (Comstock, 2010). One of the principles of Kant is universalisability in that if an action should be acceptable, it is possible to apply it to all individuals without contradiction occurring. This means that in any decision done, humans are important and any means should end with humans (Brooks and Dunn, 2009). Moreover, Kant states that kingdom of ends approach should be considered since laws formulated are applicable unanimously (White, 2011).
In addition, Kant brings into consideration the difference between perfect and imperfect duties. According to Kant, a perfect duty includes duties such as never lie and always speak the truth while imperfect duty include duties such as providing to the needy an aspect that can be applied in certain places and times. Therefore, Kant theory states that it is important to consider humanity in formulation of laws that are applicable to all individuals without chances of contradictions.
Banks, S. 2010. Ethical Issues in Youth Work, 2nd Ed. London: Routledge Publishers
Brooks, L., and Dunn, P. 2009. Business and Professional Ethics: For Directors, Executives and Accountants, 2nd Ed. London: Cengage Learning
Comstock, G. 2010. Life Science Ethics, 2nd Ed. New York: Springer
Hinman, L. 2011. Ethics: A Pluralistic Approach to Moral Theory, 5th Ed. London: Cengage Learning
Keller, D. 2010. Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions. New York: John Wiley & Sons
Roberts, L. 2006. GOOD: an Introduction to Ethics in Graphic Design: Ethics of Graphic Design. London: AVA Publishing
Song, K., and Kim, B. 2009. Respect for the Elderly: Implications for Human Service Providers. Washington: University Press of America
Stewart, N. 2009. Ethics. New York: Polity
White, J. 2008. Contemporary Moral Problems, 9th Ed. London: Cengage Learning
White, M. 2011. Kantian Ethics and Economics: Autonomy, Dignity, and Character. Stanford: Stanford University Press