The Benefits and Risks of TelecommutingIn the age of communicational and technological advancement, there have been great improvements in the working sphere. Today due to technological advancement people can sit at home and work. This is called telecommuting, where the employees work from home and this allows them to have a more flexible working hours that helps them in arranging their life in a manner which is more suitable to their life styles. Working from home is also called e-commuting, e-working, work at home or WAH, telework, etc. the term telework and telecommuting were first used by Jack Nilles.
Telecommuting does not have to be done at home but it can also be done by many at various places by people who travel a lot, like nomads, etc. and this helps them to work without the hindrance of distances coming in their way. A successful telecommuting work relation requires that the focus is on the end result and not on the close analysis of the employees by the employer. Telecommuting has it roots in the technological development that took place during the 1970s when technology where there was the linking of the main offices with the downtown offices through telephones and it helped in reducing cost and increased efficiency in the offices.
Later, the process shifted from these downtown offices to homes and by the 1980s they were able to connect to the mainframe offices through the internet and the use of personal computers. The process has been growing ever since and today is one of the most sought after as it takes away from work the problem of commuting.
Telecommuting also had an important effect on the human resource management program and it helps the employer to form a better link with the employee without him encroaching in their space and has helped them increase their efficiency by providing them with a more flexible work schedule. The flexibility that is supplied by telecommuting makes it very popular. In a hiring index (Robert Half International Financial Hiring Index), almost 13% said that they believed that it was a great initiative for them, and an earlier survey had shown it 33% saying that telecommuting was their first preference while 50% said that it was next best choice especially for professionals such as accountants and engineers.
Another addition that has taken place to the telecommuters is the people who do distributive work. This is not just confined to the house of the employees, but these go outside the offices into public places like restaurants and official sites where they can meet and negotiate with the customers. Telecommuting has been getting increasing support in the United States of America, and although there is still the majority of people traveling in cars, buses, trains, etc to reach their place of work the idea of working from home have been receiving increasing support especially considering that the method takes into consideration environmental problems, relocation of family values etc.
Thus, there has been a growing sense of awareness that has led to promotion of telecommuting in the working sphere.