Literature reviewPlyometricKawamori et al. (2005) defines plyometrics as the drills which involve quick and also powerful movements by using the pre-stretch or the counter movements. In his study the groups which were used included the hurdlers, the steeple chasers, the sprinters and also the race walkers. The results further indicated that these activities increased the speeds of these athletes and they were very effective in their training. Lyttle et al (1996) states that there is clear indication that these movements involve the shortening stretch and shortening cycle. This study was conducted on the race walkers, the long and high jumpers, the arms trainers and also the weight throwers.
The results indicated that the plyometric movements involved the shortening stretch cycles. Similarly Holcomb and Kleiner et al (1998) indicated that the conventional plyometrics exercises include several other types of the jump training as well as the upper body drills by using the medicine balls. The study was carried out on the runners, the wrestlers and the race walkers and the results indicated that plyometrics was very suitable for the training of the teams as well as the individual athletics.
On the other hand Souza, Shimada and Koontz et al (2002) implied that if plyometrics is to be termed as safe as well as effective then it should be used as per the rules and guidelines of the programs designed protocols. In carrying out this research the following groups were used the leapers, the hurdlers and the race walkers. The results of the study indicated that it was important the plyometrics be used as per the rules if any positive effects were to be achieved.
Plyometric training is then related to the increase of the athletes speed by the use of the pre stretch or the counter movements as well as the shortening stretch cycles. Strength-power trainingStudy by Haff, et al. (2005) indicates that strength power training allows the athletes to apply their greatest amount of their maximal strength in the shortest period of times possible. This study was carried out on the arms trainers and also the weight throwers. The results indicated that the training which is involved in the strength power allowed the athletes to apply their greatest amount of their strength maximally in the shortest periods possible.
However this is very crucial for most of the athletes in the present age who will be neither required nor even have enough time to produce the maximal forces. Kawamori et al. (2006) further stated that most of the athletic activities involve very fast movements as well as very far high power outputs than there are found in the maximal strength exercises. Similarly the sports advisor notes that an athlete could be exceptionally very strong but on the other hand lack the explosive power which is very significant if at all they are not able to further apply their speed and strength rapidly.
This study was carried on the riders, the jousters as well as sprinters. The results indicate that the athletes could be strong exceptionally but on the other hand lack an explosive power which is very crucial in their strength and speed.