IntroductionHuman resource management is a very important venture in any business organisation. There are various functions of human resource management that are carried out in organisations in order to enhance effectiveness and efficiency. The functions of human resource management include planning, organising, controlling, leading, staffing, reporting, directing, communication and also decision making. This paper is dealing with the functions of human resource management. (Hilltop, 1994)PlanningPlanning is the process of developing the company’s mission and defining specific methods of accomplishing it. It can be on a broader or narrow perspective depending on the scope of the goal.
It is also defined as a process where ordering tasks that have to be carried out in an organisation sequentially is carried out. Planning comes in a number of ways. The following issues are normally addressed in the entire planning process; (Hilltop, 1994)The tasks that have to be carried out are identifiedManagement puts in place strategies that will help in the accomplishment of tasksThe time span that each and every task should take is clearly set outThere are various approaches of planning that can be used by managers.
One of them is the strategic planning approach. Below is an example of a strategic planning processSource; Garth, R. (1998): Essentials of Contemporary Management; London; Oxford Press; p 57In strategic planning, there is identification of the organisation’s goals in line with the mission statement therein. For instance, an organisation can have a strategic plan to achieve its objectives within a span of six years. In this process there is usually the identification of corporate mission within the organisation. Definition of missionIn this stage of planning, the missions of the organisation are clearly spelt out.
Every manager therefore strives to understand the purposes that the organisation has to achieve. This in most cases it is a guide in the rest of the steps that have to be undertaken in the entire planning process. (Garth, 1998)Objective settingAfter the managers identifying the purpose or the mission of the organisation, they then embark on setting goals on the issues that have to be accomplished. When objectives are clearly set, it becomes very easy for managers to know the targets ahead of them that have to be achieved. Strategic plan preparationIn this stage, there is strategy development.
The possible actions that have to be taken are also clearly elaborated. This step normally requires managers to carry out SWOT analysis. This enables managers to put in place the best strategies. These are normally put down in written form so that managers can easily refer to them later on in the implementation process. (Hilltop, 1994)Strategic plan implementationDuring this stage, the managers try to work on the strategies that were put down in the previous stage. In the implementation there is usually assigning of tasks to various people.
Communication has to be carried out from top to bottom. Employees have to understand what role they have to play in the execution process. (Hilltop, 1994)At this juncture, policies that will guide the entire process are also put in place. This also includes the rules that every employee has to adhere to in order to achieve the desired results. Managers also have to put in place procedures of possible corrective actions in case the results are not as expected.