The paper 'National and Regional Cultures Impact' is a perfect example of a Business Essay. Globalization is one of the most discussed events in recent times. The increased interest in globalization is attributed to the impacts of globalization on society. Today, the world is considered a global village with no boundaries. The globalization has particularly made it possible for big businesses to pursue opportunities outside their home countries (Friedman 2007, p. 157). This results in the introduction of a new culture to the foreign countries where they venture. Although the globalization of big businesses brings benefits to the countries where they expand, there has been a growing concern about the negative impacts of globalized businesses on the regional and national cultures.
This document will examine the impacts of and response of globalized big businesses on the regional and national cultures. In so doing, the document will use McDonald's and Ugg Australia as case examples to demonstrate how these businesses have impacted negatively on the Australian cultures and proceed to describe the responses that businesses ought to use to overcome the negative impacts on the cultures of Australian people. Summary of Views Presented By Authors Globalization is one of the biggest events that have happened in recent times.
Although there is no single agreeable definition for the concept, Friedman (2007, p. 158) defines globalization as the integration of corporations, people, and governments of different nations. Globalization is driven mainly by investment and trade with the help of technology. With globalization, big businesses are increasingly looking for opportunities to exploit in foreign countries. Currently, most large companies operate not only in their home countries but also in international countries.
However, Friedman (2007, p. 158) is concerned that, the increased expansion of big businesses to other countries is having profound negative impacts on the national and regional cultures. In particular, Friedman notes that some countries have been forced to abandon their consumption culture because of the influence of big multinational companies. Archer (2007, p. 5) supported Friedman’ s view arguing that, in most countries, people have lost their traditional values by adopting westernized values. These include clothing, food, and language among others. Ghemawat and Reiche (2011) also noted that big companies, such as McDonalds have eroded the traditional cultural values of most societies through the introduction of junk food eating culture.
Because these negative impacts are affecting most societies, the three authors feel that it is the responsibility of big companies to ensure that, as much as they seek to generate profits, they should work towards protecting the cultural heritage of the people, where they establish their businesses. Impacts of Big Businesses on National and Regional Cultures Despite the benefits that big companies bring to foreign countries in the form of direct investments, there is a growing concern among scholars regarding the negative impacts of these large businesses on the national and regional cultures of the people.
Firstly, food is one of the elements that define the culture of people. Different societies have different foods that define their cultural heritage. However, Tomlinson (2003, p. 269) noted that, with increased globalization of big businesses, certain societies are being influenced by the western companies to the extent that they end up adopting the western foods instead of their cultural foods. For instance, Ghemawat and Reiche (2011) noted that the expansion of McDonald's in foreign countries has resulted in the introduction of fast food eating cultures in many countries.
However, the negative impact of this is that many cultures have been forced to live their traditional foods, which they once cherished for western foods. For instance, Archer (2007, p. 6) noted that most Chinese people today eat mainly the fast food introduced by big companies such as McDonald's instead of their traditional foods.
Archer, K. 2007. Locating globalizations and cultures. Globalisations, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-14.
Friedman, B. A. 2007. Globalisation implications for human resource management roles. Employee Responsibilities & Rights Journal, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 157-171.
Ghemawat, P & Reiche, S 2011, ‘National cultural differences and multinational business’, AACSB, Globalization Note Series, viewed 28 August 2015
Oches, S 2010, McDonald’s down under, viewed 28 August 2015 http://www.qsrmagazine.com/franchisees/down-under
Russel, C. A. and Valenzuela, A. 2005. Global consumption: (How) does culture matter? Advances in Consumer Research, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 86-89.
Tomlinson, J 2003, Globalization and cultural identity, pp. 269-277, viewed 28 August 2015 http://arsiv.setav.org/ups/dosya/27905.pdf
Ugg Australia 2014, Our story, viewed 28 August 2015 https://www.uggaustralia.com.au/about/our-story