The paper "The History of a Pager" is a good example of marketing coursework. Margaret (2007) defines a pager or beeper as a dedicated wireless communications device that facilitates receiving and displaying of text messages, numeric and pronounces voice messages. Pagers are categorized into two types, One-way pagers and two-way pagers. One- way pages only receive messages, whereas two-way pagers send and receive the response by use of an internal transmitter. Pagers function as part of paging systems which comprise of one or several fixed transmitters and numerous pagers. These devices range from a single system with a low-power transmitter, to a countrywide system holding several high-power support stations.
The pager allows the user to obtain messages transmitted on a particular frequency over a particular network of radio support stations. The history of a pager It is believed that the first people to use a pager-like system were Detroit police in 1921 (Rachel, 2011). However, the word "pager" was first applied in 1959, in reference to the radiofrequency device made by Motorola radio communications. It is also believed that the pager was used in the late 1950s by physicians in New York, US.
They paid US$ 14 monthly operation fee for phone messages in a distance of 25 miles a single transmitter. This pager used by the physician was made by Reevesound Company. It is important to note that in 1960, John Mitchell combined components Walkie Talkie and automobile technologies to produce the first transistorized pager which was more advanced. From Mitchell’ s technology, pager manufacture expanded up to 1990s. The 1990s witnessed a case where cellular devices became affordable and extensively accessible (Williams, 1996).
However improved services overtook the paging system as a commercial brand. In recent years, pager has only existed as a niche brand, maintain its application mainly in public safety, hospital and retail places where its reliability, low-cost and simplicity can be felt. Pagers like this one are used in thousands of restaurants. The pager architecture Several paging system network operators currently permit textual and numeric pages to be presented to the paging system networks through the email. This is effective for several users, owing to the extensive embracement of email; through email-oriented message, submission techniques do not normally offer any means to make sure that messages obtained via the paging network.
This issue may lead to pager messages being lost. An older kind of message submission applying the Telelocator Alphanumeric Protocol entails modems connections one on one to a paging network which eliminates delays. Therefore, older kind of message submission retains their effectiveness for distributing highly-crucial alerts to end users like emergency operations personnel. According to Williams (1996), the past pagers had paging protocols of two-tone and 5/6 tone while the current pagers are being incorporated with paging protocols such as TAP, POCSAG, NTT, ReFLEX and TAP.
Commercial paging usually transmits 1000 watts efficient power, leading to an extensive coverage area than as opposed to a mobile transmitter that only radiated approximately 0.5 watts of a channel (Read, 1995). Even though paging networks of FLEX 900 MHz normally have powerful in-build coverage compared to mobile phone coverage, commercial paging network providers are likely to work with big companies to fix repartee devices in a situation that service is not accessible. This is particularly vital in hospital environments where emergency staff must consistently receive pages to respond to patient demands.
Different from mobile phones, the majority of the one-way pagers do not show any information regarding whether a signal is obtained or concerning the intensity of the signal received. Because one-way pagers do not have transmitters, one-way paging coverage has no means to keep track on whether a message is successfully sent to a pager. Due to this, if a one-way pager is switched off or is not getting a working signal at the when the messages sent, the communication will not be conveyed and the message sender will not be alerted of this reality (Mangione-Smith, 1995).
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