IntroductionMulticulturalism as a concept has number of meanings. At some level, the concept refers to appreciation, concur or elevation of multiple traditions, applied in the demographic set up of a specific region, especially in the organizational levels, e.g. schools, businesses, towns, nations or neighborhoods. In regard to this sense, multiculturalism relates to respect for cultural diversity. The concept can also describe people that have more cultural items in them (meaning people who were brought up in areas where there was cultural identities in some situations called bicultural as illustrated by Philippe van (2004).
In a political scene, the term is meant to refer the advocacy of promoting equitable status in different ethnic and religious settings without enhancing any kind of ethnic, religious or even cultural community practices. Multiculturalism is a cultural mosaic that is often compared with the term assimilations and social cultural integration and for that reason; it has been defined as “bowl and not a melting pot as argued by Ankerl (2000). The figure is a picture which shows how multiculturalism can be used to tackle political divisions that may be created by differences in culture In contemporary context of the society, different understandings given to the term has produced two inconsistent strategies that are not similar: The first strategy focuses on how interaction, relating and communication among different cultures occur.
Interactions of people of different cultures gives opportunities for different people who have cultural differences to relate, interact and communicate freely thus creating what is called multiculturalism. The second strategy deals with cultural diversity and its uniqueness. Cultural differentiation can preserve the uniqueness in a given local culture of a given county or locality and thus contributing to international cultural diversity.
The policy of “Cultural exception” that was introduced in France concerning by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) discussions in 1993 is a good example of preserving somebody’s culture against any erosion as argued by Philippe van (2004). The picture below indicates the concept of multiculturalism and its importance in appreciating each other’s race and culture. Multiculturalism is considered by many of its followers as the best system that provides people with the opportunity to express their feelings about how they are perceived in the society, it creates opportunity for people to relate them selves with the culture in the society.
The practice has seen many people embracing different cultures as a result of change in technology. The culture of multiculturalism has supported new cultures that came into existence after the Second World War 11. It has seen many changes in the fight for human rights to better recognition within the society. The culture has promoted understanding between different races and encouraged the practice of doing away with ethnicity.
In the United States, multiculturalism has caused the rise of civil rights organizations, which criticized the ideals concerning assimilation. This often caused prejudices against those people who were not acting according to the Anglo-American practices. This caused the establishment of academic studies based on ethnicity programs as a means countering the ignoring of contributions made by racial people who were the minorities’ classes. It has had more successes combating racism in the western counties in order to protect those who are a minority among all communities. In the process of doing this, multiculturalism has outdone policies that ignored the minorities from accessing all the opportunities freely and equality as expected the liberalism leadership as argued by Bidmead (2010).