The paper "The Relationship between Criminal Activity, Deterrence, Unemployment and Education in England" is a perfect example of a business case study. In this study, we are interested in determining if there is any relationship between the criminal activities and independent variables deterrence, unemployment and education in wales and England. There has been considerable interest in the relationship between criminal activity, deterrence variables and social deprivation. Burglary represents one of the main acquisitive crimes in England and Wales. The data reported below are drawn from forty-two police force areas in England and Wales for the year 1991.
A persistent theme in economics is that individuals respond to incentives: the purpose of this project is to explore the extent to which judicial penalties (sentencing, probability of a conviction) deter criminal activity and whether crime is related to social problems. Data descriptionThe data used in this study was obtained in the city of England and wales. the relationship between the dependent variable BR and the independent variables CR, percentage of crime solved by in the police force area, SEN, average sentence length dispensed by the judiciary in the police force area, UR male unemployment rate in the police force area, HO, percentage of the population in the police force area with higher education, and ED percentage of the population in the police force area with higher education.
The data consist of the following variables; BR = Burglary rate per 1000 of the Police Force Area Population. CR = Percentage of crimes solved in the Police Force Area. SEN = Average sentence length (in months) dispensed by the judiciary in the Police Force Area. UR = Male unemployment rate in the Police Force Area. HO = Percentage of households with three rooms or less in the Police Force areaED = Percentage of the population in the Police Force Area with higher educationStatement of the problemIn this project, we are interested in determining if there is any relationship between the dependent variable burglary rate and independent variables.
The project will utilize the regression analysis and correlation analysis HypothesisHo: there is no relationship between the dependent variable burglary rate and the independent variables.
Kutner, M. H., C. J. Nachtsheim, J. Neter, andW. Li (2005). Applied Linear Statistical
Models (5th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Birtch, T. and Chiang, F. (2014) 'The Influence of Business School's Ethical
Climateon Students' Unethical Behavior'. Journal of Business Ethics 123 (2), 283-294
Chen, S. (2010) 'The Role of Ethical Leadership Versus Institutional Constraints: A
Simulation Study of Financial Misreporting by CEOs'. Journal of Business Ethics 93, 33-52
Ding, C. G., Chang, K., and Liu, N. (2009) 'The Roles of Personality and General
Ethical Judgments in Intention to Not Repay Credit Card Expenses'. Service Industries
Journal 29 (6), 813-834
Duffield, G., and Grabosky, P. (2001) 'The Psychology of Fraud. (cover story)',
Trends & Issues In Crime & Criminal Justice 199(1), 1-6
Eastman, W. (2013) 'Ideology as Rationalization and as Self-Righteousness:
Psychology and Law as Paths to Critical Business Ethics'. Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (4), 527-560
Elliott, R. T. (2010) 'Examining the Relationship between Personality Characteristics and Unethical Behaviors Resulting in Economic Crime'. Ethical Human Psychology & Psychiatry 12 (3), 269-276
Fleet, D., and Griffin, R. (2006) 'Dysfunctional organization culture: The role of leadership in motivating dysfunctional work behaviors', Journal Of Managerial Psychology 21(8), 698-708
Ganon, M., and Donegan, J. (2006) ‘Self-Control and Insurance Fraud’. Journal of Economic Crime Management 4(1), 1-20
Gibbs, C., Cassidy, M. B., and Rivers, L. (2013) 'A Routine Activities Analysis of White-Collar Crime in Carbon Markets'. Law & Policy 35 (4), 341-374
Goldman, A., Van Fleet, D. D., and Griffin, R. W. (2006) 'Dysfunctional Organization Culture'. Journal of Managerial Psych 21 (8), 698-708
Hartog, D. and Belschak, F. (2012) 'Work Engagement and Machiavellianism in the Ethical Leadership Process'. Journal of Business Ethics 107 (1), 35-47
Henle, C. A. (2005) 'Predicting Workplace Deviance from the Interaction between Organizational Justice and Personality'. Journal of Managerial Issues 17 (2), 247-263
Jackson, D. N. (1994) Jackson Personality Inventory-Revised manual. Port Huron, MI: Sigma Assessment Systems
Johnson, E. N., Kuhn, J.,John R., Apostolou, B. A., and Hassell, J. M. (2013) 'Auditor Perceptions of Client Narcissism as a Fraud Attitude Risk Factor'. Auditing: A Journal of Practice & Theory 32 (1), 203-219
Kolodinsky, R., Madden, T., Zisk, D., and Henkel, E. (2010) 'Attitudes about Corporate Social Responsibility: Business Student Predictors'. Journal of Business Ethics 91 (2), 167-181
Laffey, T. A. (2004) 'Insurance Fraud: Cause and Effect'. Journal of Commerce (15307557) 5 (4), 11-11
Lee, K., and Ashton, M. C. (2004) 'Psychometric properties of the HEXACO Personality Inventory' Multivariate Behavioral Research 39:329-358
Lowenstein, LF 2003, 'The Genetic Aspects of Criminality', Journal Of Human Behavior In The Social Environment 8(1), 63-78