Essays on Global Civil Society Is the Source for New Accountability in Global Governance Coursework

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The paper "Global Civil Society Is the Source for New Accountability in Global Governance" is a great example of management coursework.   The weakening of traditional governance structures suffices to be one of the impacts of globalisation (Gemmill & Bamidele-Izu, 2002). The decrease in the power of national governments traces its root from the upsurge in the global economic integration. Globalisation has created global civil societies that guarantee world stage access to political and economic actors. Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are a good example of global civil societies that have exhibited increasing influence in global affairs ever since the 1990s.

Rather than being stakeholders in the already established governance procedures of a state or country, civil societies contribute significantly towards international cooperation. The success of the influence of civil societies on international cooperation emanates from the fact that they are able to garner substantial public support to justify their arguments. The essay argues that the global civil society is the source for new accountability in global governance. The Global Civil Society It is evident that there exists a global civil society that emanated from globalisation. The GCS refers to the sum of institutions, policies and laws that create as well as mediate inter-border relationships between countries, markets, non-governmental and inter-governmental organisations, citizens and cultures (Mishra, 2012).

The primary objective of the global civil society is to democratise or civilise the globalised world. The result is identifying the process through which individuals, movements and groups can demand global empowerment, global justice and global rule of law. The GCS feeds on globalisation. By feeding on globalisation, GCS is able to react to the resulting consequences of globalisation. The evidence behind the dependence and reactive attributes of the GCS to globalisation is the fact that there is a strong positive correlation between GCS clusters and globalisation clusters.

In essence, GCS encompasses the individuals, values, networks and ideas that are mainly situated outside the state, market and family complexes (Gray et al. , 2006). The individuals, values, ideas and networks also extend beyond the boundaries of a state, its economies and polities. Individuals that participate in the GCS and its values must have a partial location in the international arena.

As a result, local societies, states and nations do not bind such participants. This enables them to have an independent voice that does not depend on the voice of the local societies, states and governments. Therefore, participants in the GCS are able to voice their reactions to emerging globalisation issues in sovereign states for the best interest of the public (Ghaus-Pasha, 2005). Rather than creating a participatory and democratic public sphere, the GSC also impacts positively on self-organisation and citizenship of individuals, movements or states. The GCS also suffices to be the epicentre of domestic and international socio-political activities.

The advent of capitalist social relations that enable social movements in the contemporary world to pursue and accomplish their goals accounts for the consideration of the GCS as a centre of socio-political activities. The main participants of the global civil society include the transnational advocacy groups and the international non-governmental organisations (INGOs). The contribution of GCS towards global governance is evident when the transnational advocacy groups and INGOs hold campaigns aimed at solving global issues. Transnational solidarity suffices to be the motivation behind such campaigns (Teegen et al. , 2004).

As a result, the GCS plays a pivotal role in addressing global problems particularly in situations whereby activists in the states have been unable to resolve. The major areas of focus include environmental issues, health issues and human rights aspects. In essence, in order for the GCS to campaign against an issue, the issue should be transnational in nature in most cases. Focusing on transnational issues enables society to address problems that have a global influence. A good example of campaigns held by society is the campaign against climate change.

It is apparent that INGOs and other civic societies have campaigned on issues such as the ozone layer depletion as well as the loss of biodiversity since such issues have a global rather than territorial impact. Capitalism that has led to economic interdependence, as well as the urge to deal with assaults on democracy and public life, has contributed greatly to the emergence of the global civil society.

References

Banks, N., & Hulme, D. (2012). The role of NGOs and civil society in development and poverty reduction. Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper, (171).

Chandhoke, N., Glasius, M., Kaldor, M., & Anheier, H. (2002). The limits of global civil society (pp. 35-54). na.

Gemmill, B., & Bamidele-Izu, A. (2002). The role of NGOs and civil society in global environmental governance. Global environmental governance: Options and opportunities, 77-100.

Ghaus-Pasha, A. (2005, May). Role of civil society organizations in governance. In 6th global forum on reinventing government towards participatory and transparent governance (pp. 24-27).

Gray, R., Bebbington, J., & Collison, D. (2006). NGOs, civil society and accountability: making the people accountable to capital. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 19(3), 319-348.

Mishra, V. K. (2012). Role of Global Civil Society in Global Governance, The. Beijing L. Rev., 3, 206.

OECD. (2012). Civil Society Empowerment. Retrieved from: https://www.oecd.org/cleangovbiz/CivilSocietyEmpowermentDraft.pdf

Teegen, H., Doh, J. P., & Vachani, S. (2004). The importance of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in global governance and value creation: An international business research agenda. Journal of International Business Studies, 35(6), 463-483.

Ulleberg, I. (2009). The role and impact of NGOs in capacity development.

Wild, L. (2006). Strengthening global civil society. Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) London, UK.

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