The early world history seemed insignificant in the past except to the countries that were in close contact then. This form of contact was through colonization and trade which grew out to be the major factors that shaped the history of the world. Lack of knowledge about the world was mainly caused by both the absence of political, diplomatic and administrative links and the weakness of economic relations that existed during that time. However, despite this lack of knowledge among different people from various parts of the globe about the world around, one notable development was taking place though at a slower pace in the beginning.
This is commonly referred to as the world market which was mainly influenced by trade among different nations. The author states that the value of exchange between the industrialised world and other remote parts grew six fold in the 19th century. The explorers during the mid 19th century opened much of the areas that were previously looked down upon such as Africa and other poor continents. These destinations proved to be very rich in primary wealth used for the production of a variety of secondary products.
By 1875, the greater part of the world was known to many people and maps were already in existence showing different locations. This also heralded new forms of communication and transportation that was mainly designed to transport goods from one place to the other. These developments accelerated during the beginning of the twentieth century where many people even in remote parts of the globe became aware of the world around them. Their knowledge about different things began to improve significantly.
Maps were drawn by different people and they were used for different purposes. An attempt was made to standardise everything across the globe but this was quite a difficult task. However, such developments brought about various changes to the lifestyle of different people in various parts of the globe. This period in time witnessed standardization of various things particularly culture. Technological developments in communication brought about these changes where the people from the developed world sought to establish a standardised language and culture so that trade among countries could take place with fewer disturbances.
This led to unification of the world into an internationally recognised entity. This process is known as globalisation where trade can freely happen between nations, migration of labour can take place as well as culture exchange among different nations. Through this development that has been taking place across the globe, people can now cross borders to destinations of their choice and they can do this without many difficulties. The same applies to the movement of goods across borders. The attempt to standardise language brought some challenges and these have led to some divisions among different nations. Globalization has currently changed various aspects of human life and the way business is carried across the globe.
In this article, the author argues that what was supposed to be unification of the world created rival nations. According to this author, the unity of the world that was taking place created division. For instance, the author states that the “world system of capitalism was s structure of “rival economies” (56). Instead of unifying the world as a single entity, it can be seen that divisions have been created based on power structures across the globe.
For instance, development in communication networks has been skewed in favour of the developed nations. These nations have been seen dictating to other weaker nations about what they consider “standard” of culture as well as business. For instance, there has been a steady development of what is known as popular culture and it has been spread from developed countries to less developed countries. This scenario means that the developed countries remain on top of the situation in the guise of unifying the world through internationalisation of the economy.
It can also be observed that through globalisation, the developed world has a controlling stake in most of the activities that take place across borders. It is evident that the unification of the world through liberalisation of trade has given the powerful nations from the developing nations control over other countries. This brings us to the conclusion that the unification of the world economy is still far from being achieved. What exists at the moment cannot be fully regarded as unity in terms of equality in distribution of wealth.
There are still gaps that exist between the developed and developing countries. To the fullest sense of the concept of globalization, unity and equality have not yet been achieved though countries across the globe can engage in free trade.