Essays on Regulatory Frameworks in Japan and Germany Focusing on the Automobile Industry Case Study

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The paper 'Regulatory Frameworks in Japan and Germany Focusing on the Automobile Industry" is an outstanding example of a marketing case study.   Regulatory frameworks are models employed by individuals or the government to reform and enact regulations in an efficient and logical manner (Sharma, 2011). They can also be defined as regulations and laws which outline the legal provisions to be met. Usually, they are complemented by standards, policies, guidelines and directives. These frameworks are developed by policymakers in a particular area of interest, for instance, advancing certification for care providers, or may employ a subsisting model to work on a regulatory project (Sharma, 2011).

Most governments depend on these frameworks for managing regulatory issues and establishing useful and flexible networks of laws, regulations and rules (Sharma, 2011). This essay will focus on comparing the regulatory framework in Japan and Germany focusing on the automobile industry. Through this, we will consider the most efficient framework with justifications. The automobile industry in Germany is one of the main sectors in the country. The year 2011 marks the 125th anniversary of the birth of the automobile industry in Germany (Krauss et al. , 2010).

Automotive parts and vehicles are amongst the major export products and they are known for their high quality, environmental friendliness and safety. Globally, Germany is the champion of automobile patents, having and an average of ten novel registrations every day (WIPO, 2009). As per the National Association of the Automotive Industry, VDA, in 2009, the automotive industry spent about 20.9 billion Euros on research and development. Generally, every year, 21 billion Euros are set aside for research and development, focusing on the creation of novel environmentally friendly technologies.

In this case, conventional drive technologies are being optimized and novel driving modes are established (VDA, 2010). In the world, Germany is seen as the main innovative auto country. A regulatory framework for the German automotive industry boosts international employment and competitiveness whilst still maintaining further progress in environmental performance and safety. The country has put a regulatory framework on carbon dioxide emissions. Amplified awareness of the requirement to lessen harmful discharges into the atmosphere is seeing governments globally take action in regulating permissible automobile levels of pollution (OECD, 2004).

Germany has to comply with the European Union suggestions to lessen the emission of carbon dioxide by passenger vehicles by the year 2020. In addition, the levels of fuel consumption by passenger vehicles have to be lessened to 130g/km of carbon dioxide and this will be attained through drive train linked measures (Krauss et al. , 2010). Complimentary and measures and biofuels will also be utilized in ensuring a decrease of 10g/km of carbon dioxide. This will encompass effective system for air conditioning, gear alteration timing gauges, and control systems for tire inflation.

This will ensure the realization of 120g/km of carbon dioxide by 2012. By 2020, automobiles must abide by 95g/km of carbon dioxide (Krauss et al. , 2010). Suppliers of carbon dioxide emission- lessening technologies that assist manufactures keep automobiles both appealing and affordable to the end-users are discovering distinctive business chances in Germany (Krauss et al. , 2010). In order to meet these regulations, Germany has set a target of attaining a thirty-four million-ton decrease in carbon dioxide emissions by 2020 (Rodgers, 2008).

The Germany Association of the Automobile industry, VDA, puts forth that, over 260 passenger vehicles manufactured in Germany meet the set target of 130g/km of carbon dioxide (Rodgers, 2008). In addition, passenger automobiles produced in Germany records the lowest fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emission.

References

German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA), 2010. Annual Report. Berlin.

Krauss, R., Wittke, S.88 and MacDougall, W., 2010. Industry overview: The Automotive Industry in Germany. Issue 2010/2011.

Miyoshi, H. and Masayoshi, T. 2008. Technological Innovation in the Automobile Industry and Economic Welfare. Tokyo: Hakutoshobo.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). 2004. OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform: Germany 2004: Consolidating Economic and Social Renewal. OECD Publishing.

Osswald, S. 2007. Description of the German Automotive Industry - Critical Analysis of the Types of Businesses Existing in the Industry and the Government Policies Impacting on the Industry. GRIN Verlag.

Rhodes, R.A.W., 1997. Understanding Governance: Policy Networks, Governance, Reflectivity and Accountability. Buckingham, Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Rodgers, K.E. 2008. ELR news & analysis: Germany’s Efforts to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Cars: Anticipating a New Regulatory Framework and Its Significance for Environmental Policy. Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute.

Sharma, A. 2011. Business Regulatory Framework. London: FK Publications.

Taku, M., 2007. The Framework of Policy Network Approach – Structure, Typology, Management, Doshisha. Seisaku Kenkyu, vol.1, pp.91-110.

Wise, B., D., 1992. The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Automobiles. New Jersey: Wellfleet Press.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), 2009. The International Patent System –Trends and Analysis. Geneva.

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