The paper 'Community Aged Care Packages, Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia and Extended Aged Care at Home" is a good example of a management case study. Older people in the world are placed in diverse groups characterized by different needs for care. Different nations of the world have introduced aged care programs and services packages at varying levels in order to comprehensively assist the individuals to care for their health needs. Australia has introduced three care programs to personalize the aged population in the nation (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1993).
They include Community Aged Care Packages (CACP), Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACHD) and Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH). These programs assess the care services rendered to the aged individuals at different demographical levels. Public and private organizations have come together to collectively bring solutions to health concerns of aged people. According to Yee (2005), aging individuals are associated with a high prevalence of complex and chronic health conditions. Apparently, the current health models developed in Australia heavily focus on organization and management of aged care service delivery. Policies as well have been developed to guide the implementation of aged programs and services efficiently and effectively at different health domains. Who are the aged? World Health Organization (WHO) defines aged as the people with the chronological age of 65 years.
However, this perhaps may not be the definition in continents like Africa who in most case they receive their pension benefits at the age of 60 years (Gornman, 2000; 15). In this case, the definition of aged varies depending on the level of regional development thus making the utility of the definition to be more limited.
Policies and principles that guide the management of aged care programs and services depend entirely on the socio-cultural and demographic elements that include 1) chronology, 2) social role and 3) changes in the abilities (physical characteristics). Aged and aged care programs and actions Any programs and activities that tend to provide appropriate care for the old population represent the holistic ‘ social product system’ (Gorman, 2005). Health care in this context is normally complex. Therefore, the management of aged care services is characterized by; Clear definition and production of bundles of programs that meet the needs of the old people, Direct contact between the clients (aged people) and service providers in the population, Existence of different stakeholders that provide funding instrument and governance structure (for example, WHO and the government), The nature of the social value that leads to government involvement.
The government, in this case, provides regulations to enhance the right services to the right people, Increase in community expectations particularly on service provision ( for example, the flexibility of services rendered, responsiveness as well as the term of access to the ‘ social product system. According to Challis (1995), as individuals grow beyond the age of 65 years, the need for assistance normally increases.
This is a result of the increase in the incidence of physical and cognitive disability. People above the age of 65 years in Australia are about 2.5 million (Survey Report of Disability, Aging and Carers, 2004). 30% of the aged population needs support with personal undertakings like self and health care, 15% needs support with everyday undertakings (for example housework and meals) and about 53% needs little support with an assessment of health packages for the old population.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) (1993).Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), Cat. no. 1292.0, Canberra.
Australia Department of Health (2011). Strengthening Assessment and Care Planning; A guide fp HACC assessment services in Victoria. Melbourne: Aged Care Branch.
Challis, D. (1995). Care management and health care of older people: the Darlington community care project. Aldershot, Hants, England: PSSRU, University of Kent at Canterbury :.
Commonwealth of Australia (2008). Trends in Aged Care Services; some implications. Canberra: Media and publications. ISBN 978-1-74037-264-0.
Community aged care packages in Australia 2003-04: a statistical overview. (2005). Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Gorman M. (1999). Development and the rights of older people.The ageing and development report: poverty, independence and the world's older people. London, Earthscan Publications Ltd. 3-21.
Yee, D. (2005). ‘Insuring Health and Income Needs of Future Generations.’ Generations, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 13–19.